Identification of resistant sources in Cicer species to Liriomyza cicerina

Summary

Leaf miner (Liriomyza cicerina Rond.) causes considerable damage to chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in West Asia, North Africa and Southern Europe. Use of resistant cultivar is the economical method of control. Screening of over 7000 germplasm accessions did not result in identification of highly resistant accessions to this insect. Therefore, 200 accessions of eight wild Cicer species were evaluated in search of resistance to leaf miner between 1988 and 1991 at ICARDA, Syria. Accessions of Cicer species were screened under natural insect infestation in the field during spring (March–June), along with a susceptible-cum-indicator line. Two accessions of C. cuneatum (ILWC-40 and -187) and 10 accessions of C. judaicum (ILWC-44, -46, -56, -57, -58, -95, -103, -196, -206, and -207) were rated 2 on a 1–9 scale, where 1 = free from any damage and 9 = maximum damage. Another 18 lines of C. judaicum, four lines of C. pinnatidum and one line of C. reticulatum were rated 3 (resistant). Currently three species are incompatible in crossing with chickpea, but C. reticulatum is being used in breeding programme.

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Joint contribution from ICARDA and ICRISAT (Inter-national Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics), Patancheru P.O., AP 502 324, India.

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Singh, K.B., Weigand, S. Identification of resistant sources in Cicer species to Liriomyza cicerina . Genet Resour Crop Evol 41, 75–79 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00053051

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Key words

  • resistance
  • Cicer
  • Liriomyza cicerina
  • cultivar
  • wild species