Skip to main content

Multistoried agroforestry garden system in West Sumatra, Indonesia


The agroforestry garden system in Maninjau in West Sumatra is characterized by an intensive integration of forest species and commercial crops, forming a forest-like system. The intimate association of different species provides both subsistence and commercial products which supplement rice production. This complex agroforest is managed by the combination between cultural practices and respect of natural processes of vegetation production and reproduction. It represents a profitable production system and constitutes an efficient buffer between villages and protected forest. It is a good model of association between integration of forest resources and cultivation of cash crops in the form of a sustainable and flexible system.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Agam Dalam Angka (1981 and 1982) Departmental and district statistics

  2. Bahri S (1984) Plantes utiles de sous-bois; une perspective en agroforesterie. Dea Univ Montpellier, France

    Google Scholar 

  3. Mary F (1986) Agroforêts et sociétés; étude comparée de trois systèmes agroforestiers indonesiens. Dr Thesis, Ensa Montpellier, France, 2 vol

    Google Scholar 

  4. Michon G, Bompard J, Ducatillion C and Hecketsweller P (1983) Tropical forest architectural analysis as applied to agroforests in the humid tropics: the example of traditional village agroforests in West Java. Agroforestry Systems 1 (2): 118–129

    Google Scholar 

  5. Michon G (1985) De l'homme de la foret au paysan de l'arbre: agroforesteries indonesiennes. PhD Thesis, Univ Montpellier, France

    Google Scholar 

  6. Naim M (1973) Merantau: Minangkabau voluntary migration in West Sumatra. Dissert Fac of Arts & Sc, Univ of Singapore

  7. Ogino K, Hotta M, Tamin R and Yoneda T (1984) Forest ecology and flora of Gunung Gadut, West Sumatra. Sumatra Nature Study (Botany), Kyoto, Japan

    Google Scholar 

  8. OK Kung Pak (1982) Ideology and practice of the matrilineal land tenure system in West Sumatra. Inst of South East Asia Studies, Singapore

    Google Scholar 

  9. Schrieke B (1955) The causes and effect of communism on the west coast of Sumatra. Indon Sociol Studies, The Hague Bandung van Hoeve

    Google Scholar 

  10. Scholz U (1983) The natural regions of Sumatra and their agricultural production patterns. Crifc Bogor Indonesia 2 vol

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Michon, G., Mary, F. & Bompard, J. Multistoried agroforestry garden system in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Agroforest Syst 4, 315–338 (1986).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words

  • buffer zone
  • commercial agroforestry
  • forest resource management
  • fruit trees
  • multistoried agroforest
  • West Sumatra