Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 405–427 | Cite as

A test of the cosmopolitan distribution of fresh-water protozoans

  • John CairnsJr.
  • Jeanne A. Ruthven
Article

Summary

The cosmopolitan distribution and invasion of fresh-water protozoans were examined on Abaco Island, Bahamas by comparing: (1) samples from surface waters; (2) containers of sterile water exposed to colonization; and (3) cultured soil samples. The distributional pattern of protozoans in the various surface waters was not uniform; the number of species found varied widely (from 1–32 sp.). Out of 74 species from surface waters and 119 species from the soil cultures, 20 species were common to both studies. Other species common only to soil samples may act as a reservoir group which furnishes colonizing species should a suitable aquatic habitat be present. Very few species (range of 0–6 per container) were collected from jars of exposed sterile water. The variation in numbers and kinds of species found in surface waters may be due to variations in water quality or variation of invaders, while differences in number of species found in the containers may indicate some variation in air-borne invasion rate since water quality was essentially the same.

Keywords

Water Quality Surface Water Soil Sample Distributional Pattern Sterile Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

  1. Brown, Jr., R. M., Larson, D. A. & Bold, H. C. - 1964 - Airborne algae: their abundance and heterogeneity. Science. 1943 (3606): 583–585.Google Scholar
  2. Chu, S. P. - 1942 - The influence of the mineral composition of the medium on the growth of planktonic algae. I. Methods and culture media. J. Ecol., 30: 284–325.Google Scholar
  3. Cooke, W. B. - 1956 - Colonization of artificial bare areas by microorganisms. Bot. Rev. 22: 613–638.Google Scholar
  4. Darwin, Charles - 1860 - The Voyage of the Beagle. Footnote on pp. 222 of Doubleday & Company, Inc. Pocketbook N 16.Google Scholar
  5. Gislen, T. - 1948 - Aerial plankton and its conditions of life. Biol. Rev. 23: 109–126.Google Scholar
  6. Huber-Pestalozzi, G. - 1937 - Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers. Thienemann Binnengewässer 16: 62–72.Google Scholar
  7. Kahl, A. - 1935 - Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Infusoria). — In Dahl, F., Die Tierwelt Deutschlands., Urtiere oder Protozoa. I. G. Fischer, Jena.Google Scholar
  8. Maguire, Jr., B. - 1963 - The passive dispersal of small aquatic organisms and their colonization of isolated bodies of water. Ecol. Monogr. 33: 161–185.Google Scholar
  9. Maguire, Jr., B. (in press). Community structure of protozoans and algae with particular emphasis on recently colonized bodies of water. In Cairns, Jr., J. et al. (in prep). The Structure and Function of Fresh-Water Microbial Communities, V.P.I. Press, about 300–400 pages.Google Scholar
  10. Maguire, Jr., B. & Belk, D. - 1967 - Paramecium transport by land snails. J. Protozool. 14 (3): 445–447.Google Scholar
  11. Pascher, A. - 1913–1927 - Flagellates — In Die süsswasser-flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. G. Fischer, Jena.Google Scholar
  12. Patrick, R. - 1967 - The effect of invasion rate, species pool, and size of area on the structure of the diatom community. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 58 (4:) 1335–1342.Google Scholar
  13. Schlichting, Jr., H. E. - 1961 - Viable species of algae and Protozoa in the atmosphere. Lloydia 24 (2): 81–88.Google Scholar
  14. Schlichting, Jr., H. E. - 1964 - Meteorological conditions affecting the dispersal of air-borne algae and Protozoa. Lloydia 27 (1): 64–78.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b. v. Publishers 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • John CairnsJr.
    • 1
  • Jeanne A. Ruthven
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology Department and Center for Environmental StudiesVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations