, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 321–334 | Cite as

Phytoplankton succession in a Eutrophic lake with special reference to blue-green algal blooms

  • Chang K. Lin


An investigation of phytoplankton in Astotin Lake was made between mid-May of 1966 and September of 1967 with particular attention to the ice-free seasons. Astotin Lake is a typical, small eutrophic, kettle lake with shallow, landlocked, hard water in the Canadian prairies. High concentrations of nutrients supported heavy blooms of blue-green algae throughout the summer. The spring communities were dominated by Asterionella formosa in 1966 and by Cyclotella meneghiniana in 1967. Oxygen depletion under ice-cover probably explains the failure of an Asterionella formosa population to appear in 1967. Deficiency of silica and a rise in water temperature apparently caused the decline of the spring pulses of diatoms. Relatively high summer water temperature favoured the blue-green algal blooms and resulted in a high concentration of organic matter. The decomposition of dead Anabaena cells played an important part in the development of subsequent waterblooms, i.e., Microcystis aeruginosa and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. The sequence of waterblooms of those species was closely related to the change in water temperature. A flos-aquae became incompatible with M. aeruginosa when the temperature fluctuated in a wide range. Most of the non-blue green algae apparently were inhibited by these cyanophyte blooms. Great species diversity appeared intermittently between blooms and a few species of the Scenedesmaceae and the Oocystaceae were relatively compatible to these blooms.


Phytoplankton Anabaena Cyclotella Microcystis Aeruginosa Canadian Prairie 
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Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b. v. Publishers 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chang K. Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of AlbertaEdmondtonAlberta

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