Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 321–334 | Cite as

Phytoplankton succession in a Eutrophic lake with special reference to blue-green algal blooms

  • Chang K. Lin
Article

Summary

An investigation of phytoplankton in Astotin Lake was made between mid-May of 1966 and September of 1967 with particular attention to the ice-free seasons. Astotin Lake is a typical, small eutrophic, kettle lake with shallow, landlocked, hard water in the Canadian prairies. High concentrations of nutrients supported heavy blooms of blue-green algae throughout the summer. The spring communities were dominated by Asterionella formosa in 1966 and by Cyclotella meneghiniana in 1967. Oxygen depletion under ice-cover probably explains the failure of an Asterionella formosa population to appear in 1967. Deficiency of silica and a rise in water temperature apparently caused the decline of the spring pulses of diatoms. Relatively high summer water temperature favoured the blue-green algal blooms and resulted in a high concentration of organic matter. The decomposition of dead Anabaena cells played an important part in the development of subsequent waterblooms, i.e., Microcystis aeruginosa and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. The sequence of waterblooms of those species was closely related to the change in water temperature. A flos-aquae became incompatible with M. aeruginosa when the temperature fluctuated in a wide range. Most of the non-blue green algae apparently were inhibited by these cyanophyte blooms. Great species diversity appeared intermittently between blooms and a few species of the Scenedesmaceae and the Oocystaceae were relatively compatible to these blooms.

Keywords

Phytoplankton Anabaena Cyclotella Microcystis Aeruginosa Canadian Prairie 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Billaud, V. Z. - 1967 - Aspects of the nitrogen nutrition of some naturally occuring populations of blue-green algae, 35–53. In: U.S. Dept. Interior, Federal Water Poll. Contr. Admin. Corvallies, Oregon.Google Scholar
  2. Bozniak, E. G. & Kennedy, L. L. - 1968 - Periodicity and ecology of the phytoplankton in an oligotrophic and eutrophic lake. Can. J. Bot. 46: 1259–1271.Google Scholar
  3. Davis, C. C. - 1954 - A preliminary study of the phytoplankton of the Cleveland Harbour Area, Ohio.II. The distribution and quantity of the phytoplankton. Ecol. Monogr. 24: 321–347.Google Scholar
  4. Davis, C. C. - 1962 - The plankton of the Cleveland harbor area of Lake Erie in 1956–1957. Ecol. Monogr. 32: 209–247.Google Scholar
  5. Dugdale, R. C. & Neess, J. C.-1961-Recent observations on nitrogen fixation in blue-green algae, 103–106. In Algae and Metropolitan Wastes, U.S. Public Health Serv., SEC. TRW 61-3.Google Scholar
  6. Fitzgerald, G. P. - 1964 - The biotic relationship within water blooms, 300–306. In: D. F. Jackson (ed.), Algae and Man. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Fogg, G. E. - 1965 - Algal Cultures and Phytoplankton Ecology. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 126 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Gerloff, G. C. & Skoog, F. - 1954 - Cell contents of nitrogen and phosphorus as a measure of their availability for growth of Microcystis aeruginosa. Ecology 35: 348–353.Google Scholar
  9. Gerloff, G. C. & Skoog, F. - 1957 - Nitrogen as a limiting factor for the growth of Microccystis aeruginosa in southern Wisconsin lakes. Ecology 38: 556–561.Google Scholar
  10. Golterman, H. L. - 1960 - The studies on the cycle of elements in fresh water. Acta Bot. Neerl. 9: 1–58.Google Scholar
  11. Grill, E. V. & Richards, F. A. - 1964 - Nutrients regeneration from phytoplankton decomposing in seawater. J. Mar. Res. 22 (1): 51–69.Google Scholar
  12. Hammer, U. T. - 1964 - The succession of bloom species of blue-green algae and some casual factors. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 15: 829–836.Google Scholar
  13. Hammer, U. T. - 1965 - Climate, total dissolved solids and some biotic effects. Symposium on Water and Climate, Water Studies Institute, Sask., Rept. No. 2: 111–120.Google Scholar
  14. Hartman, R. T. - 1960 - Algae and metabolites of natural waters, 38–55. In: Tryon, C. A. & Hartman, R. T. (eds.), The Ecology of Algae, Spec. Publ. no. 2, Pymatuning Laboratory of Field Biology, University of Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  15. Hayes, F. R., McCarter, R. J., Cameron, M. L. & Livingstone, D. A. - 1952 - On the kinetics of phosphorus exchange in lakes. J. Ecol. 40: 202–216.Google Scholar
  16. Hutchinson, G. E. - 1967 - A Treatise on Limnology, Vol. II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1115 p.Google Scholar
  17. Jorgensen, E. G.-1957-Diatom periodicity and silicon assimilation. Experimental and Ecological Investigations, Dansk Bot. Arkiv., Bd. 18 (1): 53 p.Google Scholar
  18. Krauss, R. W. - 1958 - Physiology of the fresh water algae. Ann. rev. Plant. Physiol. 9: 207–244.Google Scholar
  19. Kerekes, J. & Nursall, J. R. - 1966 - Eutrophication and senescence in a group of prairie-parkland lakes in Alberta, Canada. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 16: 55–73.Google Scholar
  20. Kuentzel, L. E. - 1969 - Bacteria, carbon dioxide, and algal blooms. J. Water Poll. Control Fed. 41: 1737–1747.Google Scholar
  21. Lund, J. W. G. - 1949 - Studies in Asterionella. I. The origin and nature of the cells producing seasonal maxima. J. Ecol. 37: 389–419.Google Scholar
  22. Lund, J. W. G. - 1950 - Studies on Asterionella. II. Nutrient depletion and the spring maximum. J. Ecol. 38: 1–35.Google Scholar
  23. McCombie, A. M. - 1953 - Factors influencing the growth of phytoplankton. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 10: 253–282.Google Scholar
  24. Nursall, J. R. - 1969 - The general analysis of a eutrophic system. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 17: 107–115.Google Scholar
  25. Padan, E. & Shilo, M. - 1969 - Distribution of cyanophages in natural habitats. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 17: 747–751.Google Scholar
  26. Pearsall, W. H. - 1932 - Phytoplankton in the England lakes. II. The composition of the phytoplankton in relation to dissolved substances. J. Ecol. 20: 340–355.Google Scholar
  27. Prescott, G. W. - 1960 - Biological disturbances resulting from algal populations in standing waters, 22–37. In: Tryon, C. A. & Hartman, R. I. (eds.), The Ecology of Algae. Pymatuning Laboratory of Field Biology, Univ. Pittsburgh, Spec. Pub. No. 2.Google Scholar
  28. Prowse, G. A. & Talling, J. J. - 1958 - The seasonal growth and succession of plankton algae in the White Nile. Limnol. Oceanogr. 3: 222–238.Google Scholar
  29. Rodhe, W. - 1948 - Environmental requirements of freshwater plankton algae. Sym. Bot. Upsallensis 19: 1–140.Google Scholar
  30. Safferman, R. S. & Morris, M.-E. - 1964 - Control of algae with virus. F. Am. Water Works Assoc. 56 (9): 1217–1224.Google Scholar
  31. Sawyer, C. N. - 1947 - Fertilization of lakes by agricultural and urban drainage. J. New England Water Wks. Assn. 61: 109–127.Google Scholar
  32. Sawyer, C. N. - 1952 - Some new aspects of phosphates in relation to lake fertilization. Sewage and Indus. Wastes 24: 768–776.Google Scholar
  33. Tucker, A. - 1957 - The relation of phytoplankton periodicity to the nature of the physico-chemical environment with special reference to phosphorus. Amer. Midl. Natur. 57: 300–370.Google Scholar
  34. Vance, D. B. - 1965 - Composition and succession of cyanophycean water blooms J. Phycol. 1: 81–86.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b. v. Publishers 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chang K. Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of AlbertaEdmondtonAlberta

Personalised recommendations