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Cell migration and differentiation during wound healing and regeneration in Microstomum lineare (Turbellaria)

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Abstract

Using transmission electron microscopy and serial sections with light-microscopic autoradiography, I have investigated the ultrastructure of wound healing, the distribution of cells preparing for proliferation, and the fates of cells labelled with exogenous tritiated thymidine ([3H]T) in Microstomum lineare undergoing wound healing and regeneration. Immediately after decapitation the open wound was reduced to a minimum by strong contraction of circular muscle fibers. The wound epidermis was cellular, consisting of thin parts of epidermal cells from the epidermis around the wound. These epidermal cells maintained close adhesive contact with one another through zonulae adherentes and septate junctions. No proliferating cells were found in the old epidermis. The only cells taking up [3H]T were mesenchymal and gastrodermal neoblasts which proliferated and migrated towards the surface. The final epidermis was formed by conjunction of the wound epidermis and newly differentiated epidermal cells. Regeneration in Microstomum, in contrast to that of planarians, occurs mainly by morphallaxis, without the formation of a regeneration blastema, but also through continuous cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation.

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Palmberg, I. Cell migration and differentiation during wound healing and regeneration in Microstomum lineare (Turbellaria). Hydrobiologia 132, 181–188 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00046246

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