Ecological significance and classification of Chinese wetlands

Abstract

China supports a great variety of wetlands, including some of the most important in the world. However, an appropriate classification system applicable to all wetlands is not available. Based on a preliminary inventory, a new classification system for Chinese wetlands is proposed. This system classifies natural wetlands into three categories on the basis of their natural features and distribution: peatlands, coastal and estuarine wetlands, and riverine and lacustrine wetlands. Each category is divided into several sub-classes. The areal extent of wetlands in each Province has been estimated and their ecological importance assessed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Chen, J., Wang, B. & Yu, Z. 1989. Developments and Evolution of China's Coast (in Chinese). Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, Shanghai, China. 555 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Liang, C., 1986. Castor fiber in Buergen, Xinjiang (in Chinese). Wildlife. 86:1–4.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Lin, P. 1984. The Mangrove (in Chinese). Ocean Press, Beijing. 104 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Lin, P. 1990. Mangrove research papers (1980–1990) (in Chinese). Xiamen University Press, Xiamen, China. 230 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Long, H., Zhu, W. & Jin, S. 1983. Chinese mires (in Chinese). Shandong Science and Technology Press, Jinan, China. 269 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Lu, J. 1988. Wetlands and the strategies for wetland ecosystem managements (in Chinese). Rueal Eco-environment 2:39–42.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Lu, J. 1990. Wetlands in China (in Chinese). East China Normal University Press, Shanghai, China. 177 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Ma, Y. 1986. Crane research and conservation in China (in Chinese). Heilongjiang Education Press, Harbin, China. 253 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Niu, H. & Ma, X. 1985. Peatlands in our country (in Chinese). Commercial Press, Beijing, China. 180 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Scott, D. A. 1989. A directory of Asian wetlands. IUCN, ICBP & IWRB, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK. pp. 129–294.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Wang, H. 1987. Water resource of Chinese lakes (in Chinese). Agricultural Press, Beijing, China. 149 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Wang, H., Dou, H., Yan, J., Shuo, J. & Zhang, Y. 1989. Lakes in China (in Chinese) Science Press, Beijing, China. 254 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Zhang, R. 1982. Natural Geography of Xizang (in Chinese). Science Press Beijing, China. 200 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Zheng, Z. 1983. The Avifauna of Xizang (in Chinese). Science Press, Beijing, China. 353 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Zheng, Z. 1985. Qingzang, Plateau in China (in Chinese). Science Press, Beijing, China. 350 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Zhong, C. 1985. Advances of Spartina Research-Achievement of Past 22 years (in Chinese). Nanjing University Press, Nanjing, China. 358 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Zhou, K. 1987. A study on the distribution of Lipotes vexillifer (in Chinese). Acata Zoologica Sinica Vol 23:72–79.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lu, J. Ecological significance and classification of Chinese wetlands. Vegetatio 118, 49–56 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00045190

Download citation

Key words

  • China
  • Coastal
  • Estuarine
  • Inventory
  • Lacustrine
  • Peatlands
  • Riverine
  • Wetlands