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Vegetatio

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 71–82 | Cite as

Aboveground biomass of tropical rain forest stands in Indonesian Borneo

  • T. Yamakura
  • A. Hagihara
  • S. Sukardjo
  • H. Ogawa
Article
  • 643 Downloads

Abstract

Aboveground plant biomass was examined in a tall virgin tropical lowland evergreen rain forest dominated by Dipterocarpaceae in Sebulu, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, with special reference to the gap-, building- and mature phases of the forest growth cycle. From the records of dimensions of sample trees examined by the stratified clip technique and DBH inventory data of trees in a study plot, the biomass of larger trees (DBH ≥4.5 cm) was estimated by the allometric correlation method. The biomass of smaller plants (DBH < 4.5 cm) was estimated by harvesting the plants in small quadrat plots. Although large differences were found between aboveground-biomass-estimates in different patches of different growth stages, the aboveground biomass in a 1.0 ha plot was 509 t/ha, and the one-sided LAI was 7.3 ha/ha. These values seem to result from the tall forest architecture with huge emergent trees (over 70 m high) and a moderate packing of plant mass indicated by the basal area value of 38.8 m2/ha for trees with DBH ≥4.5 cm.

Keywords

Biomass Building phase Dipterocarp forest Gap Indonesia Kalimantan Mature phase Tropical rain forest 

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Yamakura
    • 1
  • A. Hagihara
    • 2
  • S. Sukardjo
    • 3
  • H. Ogawa
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Forestry, Faculty of AgricultureNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  3. 3.Herbarium BogorienseBogorIndonesia
  4. 4.Botanical Garden, Faculty of ScienceOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan

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