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Growth and reproductive responses of Laminaria longicruris (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) to nutrient enrichment

Abstract

A series of comparative culture experiments were conducted in order to determine responses of Laminaria longicruris male and female gametophytes and juvenile sporophytes to several temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20 °C), light levels (10, 35, 75 µmol m−2 s−1) and media nitrogen concentrations (0, 20, 100 µM ammonium-nitrogen). Responses were measured as numbers of male and female gametophytes producing gametangia and number of sporophytes produced following fertilization. Both male and female gametogenesis was reduced at 5 and 20 °C versus 10 and 15 °C. At 20 °C gametogenesis inhibition was greater with higher levels of ammonium-nitrogen concentration (100 µM). Sporophyte production was more sensitive to light, temperature and nitrogen concentration than gametogenesis. Production of sporophytes was inhibited completely at 20 °C. At lower temperatures, increasingly higher nutrient concentrations produced greater inhibition of production of sporophytes.

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Yarish, C., Penniman, C.A. & Egan, B. Growth and reproductive responses of Laminaria longicruris (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) to nutrient enrichment. Hydrobiologia 204, 505–511 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00040278

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00040278

Key words

  • growth
  • kelp
  • Laminaria
  • nutrient enrichment
  • reproduction