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Assessment of genetic variation among asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) populations and cultivars: agromorphological and isozymic data

Summary

The morphological variation and the isozymic polymorphism in 19 asparagus accessions currently used in cultivation and breeding are described. Moreover 2 wild populations from Turkey were added in the isozymic study. Characters of ramification height permit to separate accessions usually cultivated for white asparagus and accessions usually cultivated for green asparagus. Starch and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was realized to assay 7 enzyme systems. 29 polymorphic bands were taken into account in the study. Four accessions show specific bands for glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, shikimate dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase. In particular, the two populations from Turkey and one population traditionally cultivated in local area of Spain are well differentiated from the remaining accessions. Accessions from the United States representing different selections are relatively well separated from each other.

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Geoffriau, E., Denoue, D. & Rameau, C. Assessment of genetic variation among asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) populations and cultivars: agromorphological and isozymic data. Euphytica 61, 169–179 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00039655

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00039655

Key words

  • Asparagus officinalis
  • asparagus
  • variation
  • morphology
  • isozyme electrophoresis