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Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 423–434 | Cite as

Molecular cloning of cucumber phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and developmental regulation of gene expression

  • Dae-Jae Kim
  • Steven M. Smith
Mini-reviews

Abstract

A cDNA library from RNA of senescing cucumber cotyledons was screened for sequences also expressed in cotyledons during post-germinative growth. One clone encodes ATP-dependent phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK; EC 4.1.1.49), an enzyme of the gluconeogenic pathway. The sequence of a fulllength cDNA predicts a polypeptide of 74397 Da which is 43%, 49% and 57% identical to bacterial, trypanosome and yeast enzymes, respectively. The cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli and antibodies raised against the resultant protein. The antibody recognises a single polypeptide of ca. 74 kDa, in extracts of cotyledons, leaves and roots. The cucumber genome contains a single pck gene. In the seven-day period after seed imbibition, PCK mRNA and protein steady-state levels increase in amount in cotyledons, peaking at days 2 and 3 respectively, and then decrease. Both accumulate again to a low level in senescing cotyledons. This pattern of gene expression is similar to that of isocitrate lyase (ICL) and malate synthase (MS). When green cotyledons are detached from seedlings and incubated in the dark, ICL and MS mRNAs increase rapidly in amount but PCK mRNA does not. Therefore it seems unlikely that the glyoxylate cycle serves primarily a gluconeogenic role in starved (detached) cotyledons, in contrast to post-germinative and senescing cotyledons where PCK, ICL and MS are coordinately synthesised. While exogenous sucrose greatly represses expression of icl and ms genes in dark-incubated cotyledons, it has a smaller effect on the level of PCK mRNA.

Key words

cucumber Cucumis sativus germination gluconeogenesis phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase senescence 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dae-Jae Kim
    • 1
  • Steven M. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Cell and Molecular BiologyUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghScotland

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