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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 305, Issue 1–3, pp 71–77 | Cite as

Chromosomes of Temnocephala minor, an ectosymbiotic turbellarian on Australian crayfish found in Kagoshima Prefecture, with karyological notes on exotic turbellarians found in Japan

  • Iwashiro Oki
  • Sachiko Tamura
  • Masayuki Takai
  • Masaharu Kawakatsu
Biogeography and Genetics

Abstract

Records of exotic turbellarian species found in Japan are reviewed from taxonomic and karyological viewpoints. Temnocephala minor Haswell, 1888, an ectocommensal on a freshwater crayfish of Australia, was found from culture ponds of Cherax tenuimanus (introduced from W. Australia) in Kagoshima Prefecture. T. minor had the chromosome number of 2x = 18 (2sm + 2m + 2m + 2sm + 2m + 2m + 2m + 2sm + 2m). The following 3 species of exotic freshwater triclads were recorded from tanks and ponds used for tropical fish culture: Dugesia austroasiatica Kawakatsu, 1985 (2x = 16), Dugesia tigrina (Girard, 1850) (2x = 16) and Rhodax? sp. (3x = 24; 3x = 24 & 3x + 1LB + 1SB = 25 + 1SB). The following 3 species of exotic terrestrial triclads were recorded: Bipalium nobile Kawakatsu et Makino, 1982 (2x = 10), Bipalium kewense Moseley, 1878 (2x = 18), and Platydemus manokwari de Beauchamp, 1962 (n = 6, 2x = 12). An extensive occurrence of P. manokwari in the Southwest Islands of Japan may be due to an unexpected introduction of the animal in very recent years.

Key words

Turbellaria Temnocephalida Tricladida Dugesia Bipalium Platydemus Japan 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iwashiro Oki
    • 1
  • Sachiko Tamura
    • 2
  • Masayuki Takai
    • 3
  • Masaharu Kawakatsu
    • 4
  1. 1.Ôsaka Environmental Project AssociationÔsakaJapan
  2. 2.Ôsaka Prefectural Institute of Public HealthÔsakaJapan
  3. 3.Biological LaboratorySaga Medical SchoolSagaJapan
  4. 4.Biological LaboratoryFuji Women's CollegeSapporo (Hokkaidô)Japan

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