Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 135–142 | Cite as

Relationship between calcium and agar on vitrification and shoot-tip necrosis of quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) shoots in vitro

  • Suman Singha
  • Edwin C. Townsend
  • Gene H. Oberly


Shoot-tip cultures of Quince C (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) initiated on Murashige & Skoog (MS) medium containing 5 μM BA and 0.6% Phytagar showed both shoot-tip necrosis and severe vitrification. Culturing explants on medium containing 1.2% Phytagar and Ca levels of 3 mM (MS medium), 18 mM and 30 mM showed a decrease in growth with increasing medium Ca levels, being especially severe at 30 mM. The Ca content of the explants increased linearly with increasing medium Ca. Culturing explants on medium containing 3 mM, 9 mM, and 18 mM Ca at 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2% agar resulted in reduction in growth, shoot-tip necrosis, and vitrification when either factor was increased. The reduction in shoot-tip necrosis could be accounted for primarily by an increase in medium Ca levels but may also be affected by a change in explant growth. Increasing Ca concentration in the medium resulted in a linear increase in explant K, Ca, Mg, and B levels and a decrease in Mn and Na. Although increasing medium Ca or agar levels reduced vitrification, it is unclear whether they were the direct cause of the reduction in vitrification or whether this response was an effect of the reduction in culture fresh weight.

Key words

agar calcium cydonia mineral nutrition tissue culture 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Singha
    • 1
  • Edwin C. Townsend
    • 1
  • Gene H. Oberly
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Plant and Soil SciencesWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Department of PomologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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