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Composition and biosynthesis of thylakoid membrane polypeptides in the red alga Cyanidium caldarium: Comparison with the thylakoid polypeptide composition of higher plants and cyanobacteria

Abstract

The polypeptide composition of thylakoid membranes of the red alga Cyanidium caldarium was studied by PAGE in the presence of lithium dodecyl sulfate. The thylakoid membranes were shown to contain 65 polypeptides with mol wt from 110 to 10 kDa. PS I isolated from C. caldarium cells is composed of at least 5 components, one of which is the chlorophyll-protein complex with mol wt of 110 kDa typical of higher plants. Cyt f, c 552, b 6 and b 559 were identified. Inhibition of carotenoid biosynthesis with norflurazon caused no changes in the polypeptide composition of thylakoid membranes of the algae grown in dark. The suppression of the biosynthesis rate of some thylakoid polypeptides in the algae grown with norflurazon in light is a result of membrane photodestruction. Thylakoid membranes from C. caldarium cells are more similar in the number of protein components to thylakoid membranes from cells of the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans than to those of higher plants (Pisum sativum), which was proved by immune-blotting assays: Thylakoid membranes of the red alga and cyanobacteria contain 28 homologous polypeptides, while thylakoid membranes of the alga and pea, only 15.

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Abbreviations

CD:

circular dichroism

CP:

chlorophyll-protein complex

LDS:

lithium dodecyl sulfate

NF:

norflurazon

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Yurina, N.P., Karakashev, G.V., Karapetyan, N.V. et al. Composition and biosynthesis of thylakoid membrane polypeptides in the red alga Cyanidium caldarium: Comparison with the thylakoid polypeptide composition of higher plants and cyanobacteria. Photosynth Res 30, 15–23 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00035678

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Key words

  • chlorophyll-protein complexes
  • immune-blotting assay
  • norflurazon
  • PAGE
  • PSI