Skip to main content
Log in

Effect of the triacontanol formulation ‘Miraculan’ on photosynthesis, growth, nutrient uptake, and essential oil yield of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) Steud. Watts

Plant Growth Regulation Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The influence of different foliar applications of the triacontanol (Tria.) based plant grow regulator-‘Miraculan’, on growth, CO2 exchange and essential oil accumulation in Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus L.) Steud. Watts. was studied in glass-house conditions. The yield components, viz., plant height, tillers per plant, biomass yield, accumulation of essential oil, net CO2 exchange and transpiration rates increased with ‘Miraculan’ treatment of 0.4 μg/ml compared to the untreated control, but the number of leaves per tiller remained unaffected. Application of Miraculan at 0.4 μg/ml increased micronutrient uptake, total chlorophyll and citral content but decreased chlorophyll a/b ratio and stomatal resistance. Increase in shoot biomass, photosynthesis and chlorophyll were significantly correlated with essential oil content.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

References

  1. Bittenbender HC, Dilley DR, Wert V and Ries SK (1978) Environmental parameters affecting dark response of rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) to triacontanol. Plant Physiol 71: 851–854

    Google Scholar 

  2. Chapke VG, Mahajan SY and Pahhala YR (1989) The effects of triacontanol based plant growth regulators on nutrient uptake and yield of rice (Oryza sativa) In: Proceedings. XI. International plant nutrition colloquium. Wageningen. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 756 p.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Clevenger JF (1928) Apparatus for determination of essential oils. J Am Pharm Assoc 17: 346

    Google Scholar 

  4. Croteau R, Barbott AJ and Loomis WD (1972) Apparent energy deficiency in mono and sesquiterpene biosynthesis in Peppermint. Phytochem 11: 2937–2948

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Erihsen AB, Sellden G, Shogen D and Nilsen S (1981) Comparative analysis of the effect of triacontanol on photosynthesis, photorespiration and growth of tomato (C3 plant) and maize (C4 plant). Planta 152: 44–59

    Google Scholar 

  6. Fleingold DS and Avigad G (1980) Sugar neucleotide transformations in plants. In: J. Preiss, ed. The Biochemistry of Plants: A comprehensive Treatise, Vol. 3: 101–170. New York: Academic Press

    Google Scholar 

  7. Groenveld HW, Hageman J and Vellenga ATN (1982) The involvement of sucrose, glucose and other metabolites in the synthesis of triterpenes and DOPA in the lactifers of Euphorbia lathyris. Phytochem 21: 1589–1597

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Hangarter R, Ries SK and Carbon P (1978) Effects of triacontanol on plant cell cultures in vitro. Plant Physiol 61: 855–858

    Google Scholar 

  9. Hoagland DR and Arnon DI (1938) The water culture method for growing plants without soil. Circ Calif Agric Exp Stat 347: 32

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ramani S and Kannan S (1980) Effect of triacontanol on the absorption and transport of Rb+ and PO4- in plants. Z Pflanzenphsiol 99: 427–433

    Google Scholar 

  11. Ries SK and Wert V (1977) Growth response of rice seedling to triacantanol in light and dark. Planta 135: 77–82

    Google Scholar 

  12. Ries SK, Wert V, Sweeley CC and Leavitt RA (1977) Triacontanol: A new naturally occurring plant growth regulator. Science 195: 1339–1341

    Google Scholar 

  13. Setia RC, Setia RN, Ahuja KL and Malik CP (1989) Effect of “Mixtalol” on growth yield and yield components of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea). Plant Grow Regul 8: 185–190

    Google Scholar 

  14. Srivastava NK and Sharma S. (1990) Effect of triacontanol on photosynthesis, alkaloid content and growth in opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). Plant Grow Regul 9: 65–71

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Misra, A., Srivastava, N.K. Effect of the triacontanol formulation ‘Miraculan’ on photosynthesis, growth, nutrient uptake, and essential oil yield of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) Steud. Watts . Plant Growth Regul 10, 57–63 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00035131

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00035131

Key words

Navigation