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Micropropagation of Telopea speciosissima R. Br. (Proteaceae). 2: Rhizogenesis and acclimatisation to ex vitro conditions

Abstract

Conditions affecting rhizogenesis in vitro and ex vitro and subsequent acclimatisation of Telopea speciosissima (waratah) were investigated. Clonal selections were successfully rooted in vitro in agar, on filter paper bridges or using crushed quartz-sand, the last substrate resulting in superior growth of roots. The in vitro substrates were impregnated with half-strength MS, 7.5 gl-1 sucrose and various concentrations of IBA. For the quartz-sand, an IBA concentration of 50 μM was optimal, 70% of microcuttings were rooted. No plantlets rooted in vitro were acclimatised to ex vitro conditions (using mist, fog or humidity tent regimes). Microcuttings (25–45 mm in length) were rooted ex vitro in a fog humidity regime (droplet size <10 μm) using an IBA powder dip (3 g IBA kg-1). Neither a mist nor a humidity-tent regime was suitable for rooting of waratah microshoots ex vitro. A peat and perlite mixture was superior to crushed quartz-sand or potting mix for the rooting of microshoots; this appeared to be related to the air-filled porosity (>20%) of the mixture, measured after the medium was saturated and then drained for 24h. Plantlets must be left under the high humidity regime until shoot growth resumes (four to eight weeks) otherwise plant mortality increase significantly. In vitro-produced leaves abscised between eight and 12 weeks after transfer to ex vitro conditions, indicating that these structures did not acclimatise ex vitro.

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Abbreviations

BA:

benzyladenine

GA3 :

gibberellic acid

IBA:

indole-3-butyric acid

LSD:

least significant difference

MS:

Murashige and Skoog medium

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Offord, C.A., Campbell, L.C. Micropropagation of Telopea speciosissima R. Br. (Proteaceae). 2: Rhizogenesis and acclimatisation to ex vitro conditions. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 29, 223–230 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00034356

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00034356

Key words

  • in vitro propagation
  • waratah