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Silicone-tubing aerated bioreactors for somatic embryo production

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Bioreactors equipped with silicone tubings for bubble free oxygen supply are suitable for culture of embryogenic cell suspensions. The advantages of bubble free aeration systems over various devices for dispersion of air bubbles are the lack of foam formation and the possibilities of precise control of the desired oxygen set point. The specification of silicone tubing (length, diameter, wall thickness) has to be adapted according to the amount of embryogenic biomass to be produced in the bioreactor. Cell suspensions of Euphorbia pulcherrima were cultured --2 l bioreactor at 60% pO2, supplied by a silicone tubing system of 155 cm length, 4.0 mm diameter and 0.4 mm wall thickness. The oxygen concentration decreased when the packed cell volume exceeded 14% (=3.7 g l-1 cell dry weight), indicating the upper limit of oxygen supply by the silicone tubing. Mathematical considerations for membrane aerated bioreactors are presented with the intention of enabling a more precise definition for the configuration of silicone tube systems in different bioreactor types.

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Luttman, R., Florek, P. & Preil, W. Silicone-tubing aerated bioreactors for somatic embryo production. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 39, 157–170 (1994).

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