Euphytica

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 97–112 | Cite as

The genetical control of the everbearing habit and three other characters in varieties of fragaria vesca

  • T. Brown
  • P. F. Wareing
Article

Abstract

A genetical study was made of three diploid varieties of Fragaria vesca, namely, wild type and two cultivated Alpine varieties, “Baron Solemacher” and “Bush White”. The varieties differ in several characters, including flowering habit, runnering habit, branching habit and fruit colour. Wild type is seasonal flowering, produces runners, has a simple branching habit and has red fruit. Both the Alpine varieties have a perpetual flowering (everbearing) habit and produce no runners. “Buron Solemacher” resembles wild type in branching habit and fruit colour, whereas “Bush White” has a very bushy habit (i.e., has a large number of crowns per plant) and has white fruit.

Wild type F. vesca was crossed with the two Alpine varieties, and the F1 progenies were selfed and back-crossed to the Alpine parents. The results indicate that the differences in flowering habit are controlled by a single major gene, seasonal flowering being dominant to perpetual flowering, the recessive alleles in the two perpetual flowering varieties apparently being identical. Differences in runnering habit also appear to involve a single gene locus but non-runnering is associated with the bushy habit in “Bush White” and therefore either the three alleles of the same gene occur or the gene controlling bushiness in separate but closely linked with the gene controlling runnering. Fruit colour is controlled by one major gene locus, red being dominant to white fruit. All three major genes segregate independently. In all cases the characters of the wild type are dominant. The possible nature of the physiological process controlled by the gene for flowering habit is discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Brown, T., 1956. Genetical and physiological aspects of flower initiation and runner production in varieties of Fragaria vesca L. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Manchester.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Clarke, J. H., 1937. Inheritance of the so-called everbearing tendency in the strawberry. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 35: 67–70.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Darrow, G. M. and Waldo, G. F., 1934. Responses of strawberry varieties and species to duration of the daily light period. U.S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 453.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Darrow, G. M., 1937. Strawberry Improvement. Yearbook of Agriculture. United States Department of Agriculture. 1937. 445–495.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goetz, O., 1935. Die rankenlose, immertragende Monatserdbeere “Baron Solemacher”. Obst-u. Gemüseb. 81: 122–123.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guttridge, C. G., 1955. Observations on shoot growth of cultivated strawberry plants. Jour. Hort. Sci. 30: 1–11.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guttridge, C. G., 1959a. Evidence for a flower inhibitor and vegetative growth promoter in the strawberry. Ann. Bot. 23: 351–360.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guttridge, C. G., 1959b. Further evidence for a growth promoting and flower inhibiting hormone in strawberry. Ann. Bot. 23: 612–621.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hartmann, H. T., 1947b. Some effects of temperature and photoperiod on flower formation and runner production in the strawberry. Plant Physiol. 22 407–420.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Le Sourd, F., 1944. Le Fraisier. New edition revised by Ch-A Simmer, Paris.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Muijzenberg, E. W. B.van den, 1942. De invloed van licht en temperatuur op de periodieke ontwikkeling van de aardbei (Fragaria grandiflora Ehrh.) en de betekenis daarvan voor de teelt. Meded. Lab. voor Tuinbouwplantenteelt Wageningen 37: 1–160.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nilsson, F. and Johansson, E., 1944. Nya typer och hybrider inom släktet Fragaria (New types and hybrids in the genus Fragaria). Sverig. Pomol Fören. Årsskr. 45; 146–151. Plant Breeding Abstracts (1947) 17: 357.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Powers, L., 1954. Inheritance of period of blooming in progenies of strawberries. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 64: 293–298.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Richardson, C. W., 1914. A preliminary note on the genetics of Fragaria. Jour. Genet. 3: 171–177.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Richardson, C. W., 1923. Notes on Fragaria. Jour. Genet. 10: 39–46.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sironval, C., 1950. Recherches organographiques et physiologiques sur le développement du fraisier des quatre-saisons à fruits rouges. Archiv. de L'Inst. de Bot. 20, No. 3: 1–184.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Went, F. W., 1957. The experimental control of plant growth. Chronica Botanica 17, 343 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. Veenman En Zonen N.V. 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Brown
    • 1
  • P. F. Wareing
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentUniversity of ManchesterManchesterEngland

Personalised recommendations