Investigations of the inheritance of flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa L. 6. genetic system of flower variegation and speculation about its existence

Summary

A genetic model for flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa is given. Two loci effecting pigment production are assumed. The dominant alleles of each of these two loci may be repressed and thus they do not express themselves. In the presence of a dominant variegation gene a repressed allele can become active at some phase of the ontogeny of the plant. Repression and later release of repression results in a pattern of variegation of a dominant colour phenotype on the background of a recessive colour phenotype. Some parallels are drawn between the gene controlling system in M. jalapa and that in maize. In conclusion a practical application for plant breeding is given.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Correns, C., 1902. Ueber Bastardirungsversuche mit Mirabilis-Sippen. Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 20: 594–608.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Correns, C., 1905. Zur Kenntnis der scheinbar neuen Merkmale der Bastarde. Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 23: 70–85.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Correns, C., 1909. Vererbungsversuche mit blass (gelb) grünen und buntblättrigen Sippen bei Mirabilis jalapa, Urtica pilulifera und Lunaria annua. Z. indukt. Abstamm.-u. VererbLehre 1: 291–329.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Correns, C., 1910. Der Uebergang aus dem homozygotischen in einen heterozygotischen Zustand im selben Individuum bei buntblättrigen und gestrift blühenden Mirabilis-Sippen. Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 28: 418–434.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Engels, J. M. M., W. N. M.Van, Kester, C. J. T., Spitters, L., Vosselman & A. C., Zeven, 1975. Investigations of the inheritance of flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa L. 1. General introduction, and 2. Inheritance of colour in uniformly coloured flowers. Euphytica 24: 1–12.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Eysters, W. H., 1926. The effect of environment on variegation patterns in maize pericarp. Genetics 11: 372–386.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Fabergé, A. C. & G. H., Beale, 1942. Anunstable gene in Portulaca: mutation rate at different temperatures. J. Genet. 43: 173–188.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Gerard, J., 1597. Gerard's Herball, the essence there of distilled by M. Woodward from the edition of T. Johnson, 1636. London, 1971. 303 pp.

  9. Gerstel, D. U. & J. A., Burns, 1966. Flowen variegation in hybrids between Nicotiana tabacum and N. otophora. Genetics 53: 551–567.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Harrison, B. J., 1971. Association of three highly mutable genes involving pigmentation in Antirrhinum majus. Mutation Res. 12: 381–390.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Harrison, B. J. & J. R. S., Fincham, 1964. Instability at the Pal locus in Antirrhinum majus. I. Effects of environment on frequencies of somatic and germinal mutation. Heredity 19: 237–258.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Imai, Y., 1934. On the mutable genes of Pharbitis, with special reference to their bearing on the mechanism of bud-variation. J. Coll. Agric. imp. Univ. Tokyo 12: 479–523.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Kester, W. N. M.van, C. J. T., Spitters, L., Vosselman, J. M. M., Engels & A. C., Zeven, 1975. Investigations of the inheritance of flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa L. 3. Somatic chromosome number, 4. Distribution of the pigments and 5: Chromatographic studies. Euphytica 24: 13–19.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Kiernan, F. P. & O. E., White, 1926. Inheritance in Four o'clocks. J. Hered. 17: 383–386.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Lecoq, H., 1862. Bull. Soc. bot. France: 217. Cited by W. O. Focke, 1881: Die Pflanzen Mischlinge. Berlin. 569 pp.

  16. Marryat, D. C. E., 1909. Hybridisation experiments with M. jalapa L. R. Soc. Rep. Evol. Com., London. Report V: 32–50.

    Google Scholar 

  17. McClintock, B., 1961. Some parallels between gene control systems in maize and in bacteria. Am. Nat. 95: 265–277.

    Google Scholar 

  18. McClintock, B., 1965. The control of gene action in maize. Brookhaven Symp. Biol. 18: 162–184.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Melcher, R., 1961. Einige Beobachtungen, und Versuche mit natürlichen Chimären von Mirabilis jalapa L. Z. PflZücht. 46: 301–306.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Melcher, R., 1965. Weitere Entwicklung Mendelscher Gedankengänge. Z. PflZücht. 53: 88–96.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Melcher, R., 1966. Weitere Beobachtungen und Versuche mit natürlichen Chimären von Mirabilis jalapa L. Z. PflZücht. 55: 383–399.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Peterson, P. A., 1970. Controlling elements and mutable loci in maize: their relationship to bacterial episomes. Genetica 41: 33–56.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Rhoades, M. M., 1941. The genetic control of mutability in maize. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 9: 138–144.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Sand, S. A., 1957. Phenotypic variability and the influence of temperature on somatic instability in cultures derived from hybrids between Nicotiona langsdorffii and N. sanderae. Genetics 42: 685–703.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Showalter, H. M., 1934. Self flower color inheritance and mutation in M. jalapa L. Genetics 19: 568–580.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Smith, H. H. & S. A., Sand, 1957. Genetic studies on somatic instability in cultures derived from hybrids between Nicotiana langsdorffii and N. sanderae. Genetics 42: 560–582.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Stroun, M., 1963. Effect of multipaternal pollination in plants. p. 200–203, 206, 216–218. In: H. F. Linskens (Ed.). Pollen physiology and fertilization. Symposium University of Nijmegen, pp. 257.

  28. Stroun, M. & R. Cortesi, 1959. Multiple fertilization in Mirabilis jalapa L. Abstract in: Proc. 9 int. bot. Congr. Montreal, August 19–19, 1959: 2.444 pp.

  29. Stroun, M., R.de, Ribeaupierre & R., Cortesi, 1960. Hétérogénéité des tissus à la suite d'une fécondation pluripaternelle chez la Belle de Nuit (Mirabilis jalapa L.). Ber. Schweiz. bot. Ges. 70: 50–61.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Vosselman, L., J. M. M., Engels, W. N. M.van, Kester, C. J. T., Spitters & A. C., Zeven, 1975. Investigations of the inheritance of flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa L. 7. The colour of the cotyledon and the hypocotyl. Euphytica 24: 333–336.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Vries, H.de, 1903. Die Mutationstheorie. Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Entstehung von Arten im Pflanzenreich. II. Elementare Bastardlehre. Leipzig, Veit & Comp., 752 pp.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Spitters, C.J.T., Vosselman, L., Engels, M.M. et al. Investigations of the inheritance of flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa L. 6. genetic system of flower variegation and speculation about its existence. Euphytica 24, 323–332 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00028197

Download citation

Keywords

  • Colour
  • Maize
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Breeding
  • Genetic Model