Advertisement

Euphytica

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 673–683 | Cite as

Breeding cassava for resistance to cassava mosaic disease

  • S. K. Hahn
  • E. R. Terry
  • K. Leuschner
Article

Summary

Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is one of the most serious and widespread diseases throughout cassava growing areas in Africa, causing yield reductions of up to 90%. Early research on breeding of cassava (Manihot esculentaCrantz) for resistance to CMD in Africa is reviewed. Changes in population size and in activity of the white-fly vector to CMD (Bemisia tabaciGenn.) in relation to changes in environmental conditions such as amount and distribution of rainfall, light intensity and temperature are discussed in relation to screening for resistance to CMD. Over the past eight years, significant progress has been made at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Resistance to CMD has been successfully incorporated into high yielding cultivars of acceptable quality. The CMD resistant material has been evaluated and many promising clones have been selected in various countries in tropical Africa and India. The resistance has been effective in those countries.

Index words

Manihot esculenta cassava Bemisia tabaci whitefly cassava mosaic disease screening mechanism of resistance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beck, B. D. A., 1971. The breeding goals in a cassava breeding program in West Africa. Paper presented at the Guinea Zone Conference, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 5.Google Scholar
  2. Beck, B. D. A. & S. R. Chant, 1958. A preliminary investigation of the effect of mosaic virus on Manihot utilissima Pohl in Nigeria. Trop. Agric. (Trinidad) 35: 59–64.Google Scholar
  3. Bock, K. R. & E. J. Guthrie, 1976. Recent advances in research on cassava viruses in East Africa. Report of an Interdisciplinary Workshop held at Muguga, Kenya. IDRC-071e.Google Scholar
  4. Briant, A. K. & R. Johns, 1940. Cassava investigations in Zanzibar. E. Afr. Agric. J. 5: 404–412.Google Scholar
  5. Chant, S. R., 1958. Studies on the transmission of cassava mosaic virus by Bemisia spp. (Aleyrodidae). Ann. Appl. Biol. 46: 210–215.Google Scholar
  6. Doughty, L. R., 1958. Cassava breeding for resistance to mosaic and brown streak viruses. 1958 EAAFRO Annual Report. pp. 48–55.Google Scholar
  7. Edwards, D. G. & B. T. Kang, 1978. Tolerance of cassava to high soil acidity. Field Crops Res. 1: 337–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ekandem, M. J., 1970. Cassava research in Nigeria before 1967. Federal Report of Agric. Research, Ibadan, Memo No. 103. pp. 16.Google Scholar
  9. Hahn, S. K., 1978. Breeding cassava for resistance to bacterial blight. PANS 24(4): 480–485.Google Scholar
  10. Hahn, S. K. & A. K. Howland, 1972. Breeding for resistance to cassava mosaic disease. Proc. Cassava Mosaic Workshop, Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 37–39.Google Scholar
  11. Hahn, S. K., A. K. Howland & C. A. Okoli, 1974. Breeding for resistance to cassava bacterial blight at IITA. Proc. First Workshop on Cassava Bacterial Blight in Nigeria. Umudike, Nigeria. pp. 11–14.Google Scholar
  12. Hahn, S. K., A. K. Howland & E. R. Terry, 1973. Cassava breeding at IITA. Proc. Int. Trop. Root Crop Symp., Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 4–10.Google Scholar
  13. Hahn, S. K., A. K. Howland & E. R. Terry, 1980. Correlated resistance of cassava to mosaic and bacterial blight diseases. Euphytica 29: 305–311.Google Scholar
  14. Hahn, S. K., E. R. Terry, K. Leuschner, I. O. Akobundu, C. Okali & R. Lal, 1979. Cassava improvement in Africa. Field Crops Res. (in press).Google Scholar
  15. Harland, J. R., 1976. The plants and animals that nourish man. Scientific American 253(3): 89–97.Google Scholar
  16. IITA, 1973–78. Annual Reports, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  17. Jennings, D. L., 1976. Breeding for resistance to African cassava mosaic. African cassava mosaic, Report of an Interdisciplinary Workshop held at Muguga, Kenya. IDRC-071e, pp. 39–44Google Scholar
  18. Jones, W. O., 1959. Manioc in Africa. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, pp. 60–87.Google Scholar
  19. Leuschner, K., 1978. Whiteflies: Biology and transmission of African mosaic disease. Proc. of Cassava Protection Workshop, CIAT, Cali, Colombia. pp. 51–58.Google Scholar
  20. Leuschner, K. & E. R. Terry, 1976. IITA Annual Report. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  21. Nichols, R. F. W., 1947. Breeding cassava for virus resistance. E. Afr. Agric. J., 12: 184–194.Google Scholar
  22. Padwick, G. W., 1956. Losses caused by plant diseases in the colonies. C.M.I. Phytopathological Papers, No. 1. pp. 60.Google Scholar
  23. Rossel, H. W. & G. Thottappilly, 1978. IITA Annual Report. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  24. Russell, G. E., 1978. Plant breeding for pest and disease resistance. Butterworts, London. pp. 209–229.Google Scholar
  25. Storey, H. H. & R. F. W. Nichols, 1938. Studies on the mosaic diseases of cassava. Ann. Appl. Biol. 25: 790–806.Google Scholar
  26. Terry, E. R., 1978. IITA Annual Report. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. Veenman En Zonen B.V. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Hahn
    • 1
  • E. R. Terry
    • 1
  • K. Leuschner
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)IbadanNigeria

Personalised recommendations