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Identification of QTLs controlling quantitative characters in rice using RFLP markers

Summary

Segregation of plant height (PH), tiller number (TN), panicle number (PN), average panicle length per plant (PL), average primary branch number per panicle per plant (PBN) and 1000 grain weight (1000G) were specific in an F2 population derived from a cross of Palawan, a tall Javanica variety, and IR42, an Indica semidwarf variety. One hundred and four informative RFLP markers covering all 12 chromosomes were used for detecting putative QTLs controlling the traits. Orthogonal contrasts and interval mapping analysis were used for the analysis. QTL detected for PH on the region of chromosome 1, where semidwarfing gene sd-1 locus is located, seems to be a multiple allelic locus. An additional QTL for PH was identified on chromosome 2. Two QTLs for TN were detected on chromosomes 4 and 12. The QTL on chromosome 4 seemed also to govern the variation in PN. Four QTLs were found for the other traits, two of them for PL were located on chromosomes 6 and 2, one for PBN on chromosome 6 and the other for 1000G on chromosome 1. Additive gene actions were found to be predominant, except one QTL for PH and one QTL for PL, but partial or incomplete dominance also existed for the QTLs detected.

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Wu, P., Zhang, G. & Huang, N. Identification of QTLs controlling quantitative characters in rice using RFLP markers. Euphytica 89, 349–354 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00022292

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Key words

  • Oryza sativa
  • quantitative trait loci
  • gene mapping
  • restriction fragment
  • length polymorphism
  • rice