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Development of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines resistant to the bean pod weevil, Apion godmani Wagner, in Central America

Summary

The larva of the bean pod weevil (BPW), Apion godmani Wagner (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), causes serious yield losses in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Mexico and Central America, by consuming the seed as it develops in the immature pod. Resistance to the BPW was identified in bean germplasm of highland Mexican origin, and these sources of resistance were incorporated into a pedigree breeding program to recover locally adapted lines resistant to Bean Common Mosaic Virus and BPW, with commercial grain for Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. These lines yielded as well as or better than local cultivars in the absence of the insect, and better than local cultivars when the BPW was present. Resistance appeared to be governed by several genes, and was stable across geographic areas, seasons and planting systems.

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Beebe, S., Cardona, C., Díaz, O. et al. Development of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines resistant to the bean pod weevil, Apion godmani Wagner, in Central America. Euphytica 69, 83–88 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00021729

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Key words

  • Apion godmani
  • bean pod weevil
  • common bean
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • insect resistance
  • breeding