A mature mangrove community was preserved at Pasir Ris during the reclamation of its foreshore by maintaining a channel (river) so that the plot could be subjected to inundation frequency of 40 to 50 times per month. By subjecting the embankments of the river and another plot of vacant reclaimed land adjacent to the mature community to a similar frequency of inundation, new mangrove communities comprising Avicennia spp and Sonneratia alba were regenerated. When the depth of the mangrove soil increased proportionately with time, succession by another seral community (Rhizophora spp) occurred. Factors affecting the development of the mangrove soil and its nutrient accumulation over time, and the regeneration of new mangrove communities through colonisation by different plant and animal species are discussed.
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Lee, S.K., Tan, W.H. & Havanond, S. Regeneration and colonisation of mangrove on clay-filled reclaimed land in Singapore. Hydrobiologia 319, 23–35 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00020968