Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 141–144 | Cite as

Aliesterase- (Ali-E) activity in Daphnia magna straus as a parameter for exposure to parathion

  • R. J. Dortland
Article

Abstract

In vivo exposure of Daphnia magna Straus to parathion in concentrations from 0.05 to 5 µg/l resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease in aliesterase activity of the homogenate of the animals. Decrease in this activity after 48 hours of exposure was maximal for concentrations > 1.5 µg/l and amounted to about 90% of the activity of the blank.

Keywords

Bio-assay Parathion Daphnia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Asperen, K. van 1962. A study of housefly esterases by means of a sensitive colorimetric method. J. Insect. Physiology, 8: 401–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dortland, R. J. 1976. In vitro and in vivo inhibition of ali-esterases and cholinesterases by paraoxon and parathion in Daphnia magna Straus. Proceedings of the international symposium on crop protection, Gent: 1477–1482.Google Scholar
  3. Flückiger, E. & Fluck, H. 1949. Ein künstliches Milieu für das Züchten von Daphnien im Laboratorium. Experimentia, 5 (12): 486.Google Scholar
  4. Greve, P. A., Freudental, J. & Wit, S. L. 1972. Potentially hazardous substances in surface waters. II. Cholinesterase inhibitors in Dutch surface waters. Sci. Total Environ. 1: 253–265.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Muirhead-Thomson, R. C. 1971. Pesticides and Freshwater Fauna. Academic Press London.Google Scholar
  6. Pimentel, D. 1971. Ecological effects of pesticides on non-target species. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b.v. Publishers 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Dortland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ToxicologyAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations