Some features of feeding, respiration and energy conversion of Dapnia Magna
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Some results of studies with Daphnia magna are presented. These results can be used as background information for toxicologists, but the techniques referred to might well be used for toxicity tests. Daphnia magna is a filter-feeder. With the Coulter Counter it was shown that the feeding mechanism is aselective for size of the food particles. It was also shown that algal cells can pass the gut of Daphnia magna several times before being completely digested. The uptake of food is proportional to the food concentration up to a critical concentration. Above this concentration the food uptake is constant. Respiration is also dependent on the food concentration, and has a maximum value at food concentrations near the critical concentration of the feeding process. Growth efficiency is independent of the food concentration. The effect of temperature on the feeding process is different for low and high food concentrations. Growth efficiency is maximal at 10°C and above 22°C growth efficiency was negative, which means that the population cannot survive under the experimental conditions used, at temperatures above 22°C.
KeywordsDaphnia feeding respiration growth efficiency effects of food concentration effects of temperature
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