, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 117–121 | Cite as

Survival of certain pathogenic microorganisms in sea water

  • William Jamieson
  • Peter Madri
  • George Claus


Experiments were performed utilizing eight pathogenic microorganisms associated with polluted waters, including seven different bacteria and the yeast-like fungus, Candida albicans. Cultures of the organisms were added to sea water with varying salinities and were incubated at 4, 25 and 37°C for eleven days. Results indicated that only C. albicans was able to survive in the experimental environments for the duration of the test period, while no bacterial species was viable beyond nine days. The potential of C. albicans as a pollution indicator organism in marine environments is pointed out.


pathogenic bacteria indicator species bacteria action Candida 


Survivance de certaines microbes pathogeniques dans les environs de l'eau de mer.

Des expériences ont été conduit en utilizant huit microorganismes pathogéniques qu'on trouve dans les eaux contaminées, sept bactéries différentes et le fungus Candida albicans inclus. Cultures des organismes étaient ajoutées aux d'eaux salée de salinitées diverses, et elles étaient couvées à 4°, 25°, et 37°C pendant une periode d'onze jours. Les résultats ont indiqué que seul C. albicans peuvant survivre dans les milieux expérimentaux pour la durée des expériences, tandis qu'aucune des bactéries était viable au dela de neuf jours. Le potentiel de C. albicans comme organisme indicateur de pollution dans les environs marins est traité.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Buck, J. D. & Meyers, S. P. 1965. Antiyeast activity in the marine environment. Limnol. Oceanog. 10 (3): 385–391.Google Scholar
  2. Carlucci, A. F. & Pramer, D. 1959. Factors affecting the survival of bacteria in sea water. Appl. Microbiol. 7: 388–392.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Coons, A. H., Creech, H. J. & Jones, R. N. 1941. Immunological properties of an antibody containing a fluorescent group. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 47: 200–202.Google Scholar
  4. Dzawachiszwili, N., Landau, J. W., Newcomer, V. D. & Plunkett, O. A. 1964. The effect of sea water and sodium chloride on the growth of fungi pathogenic to man. J. Invest. Derm. 43: 103–109.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Jannasch, H. W. 1968. Competitive elimination of enterobacteriaceae from seawater. App. Microbiol. 16: 1616–1618.Google Scholar
  6. Jones, G. E. 1963. Suppression of bacterial growth by sea water. In Symposium on Marine Microbiology: 572–579. Ed. Oppenheimer, C. C. C. Thomas Co., Springfield.Google Scholar
  7. Ketchum, B. H., Ayers, J. D. & Vaccaro, R. F. 1952. Processes contributing to the decrease of coliform bacteria in a tidal estuary. Ecology 33: 247–258.Google Scholar
  8. Madri: P. P. 1968. Factors influencing growth and morphology of Candida albicans in a marine environment. Bot. Marine 11 (−9):31–35.Google Scholar
  9. Orlob, G. T. 1956. Viability of sewage bacteria in sea water. Sewage Ind. Wates 28: 1147–1167.Google Scholar
  10. Pramer, D., Carlucci, A. F. & Scarpino, P. V. 1963. The bacterial action of sea water. In Symposium on Marine Microbiology: 567–571. Ed. Oppenheimer, C. C. C. Thomas Co., Springfield.Google Scholar
  11. Savage, H. P. & Hanes, N. B. 1971. Toxicity of seawater to coliform bacteria. J. Water Pollution Comr. Fed. 4 (5): 855–861.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b.v. Publishers 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Jamieson
    • 1
  • Peter Madri
    • 1
  • George Claus
    • 1
  1. 1.Seminar on Pollution and Water ResourcesColumbia University in the City of New York and Brunswick Hospital CenterAmityville

Personalised recommendations