, Volume 328, Issue 1, pp 49–56 | Cite as

Valve movement of the freshwater mussel Anodonta anatina: a reciprocal transplant experiment between lake and river

  • Vili P. M. Englund
  • Mikko P. Heino


The effects of source and caging on the valve movements of the freshwater unionid mussel (Anodonta anatina) were studied in a reciprocal transplant experiment between a lake and its outflow. Caged mussels were moved and compared with those remaining in their natural environment on the lake or river bottom. At both sites, the mussels from the study site and the transplanted mussels from the opposite site were monitored simultaneously. In river the averaged weighted valve openness was higher and the number of valve movements was lower than in the lake. The mussels monitored in the lake exhibited a diurnal rhythm of valve movements which differed between the lake-bottom and the caged animals. Caging was found to increase valve openness. On the other hand, little variation appeared in valve openness between caged and bottom animals in the river, where diurnal rhythms were almost nonexistent. In the river the valve movements were more variable in respect to time than in the lake.

Key words

biomonitoring freshwater bivalves Unionidae valve movements 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vili P. M. Englund
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mikko P. Heino
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Animal PhysiologyDepartment of Zoology University of Helsinki
  2. 2.Division of Population BiologyDepartment of Zoology University of Helsinki
  3. 3.Department of Zoology, University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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