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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 320, Issue 1–3, pp 209–222 | Cite as

Growth and fecundity of Daphnia after diapause and their impact on the development of a population

  • Kestutis Arbačiauskas
  • Zita Rasuolė Gasiūnaitė
Diapause and Crustacean Life Histories

Abstract

Laboratory and field investigations revealed that the life history traits of exephippial and parthenogenetic generations of Daphnia differ substantially. Daphniids hatching from resting eggs grow faster and their definitive body sizes are bigger than of hatchlings from subitaneous eggs. Size at maturity for exephippial animals is significantly larger. In spite of this, they mature a few days earlier than parthenogenetic females. In this study, the difference was 3–4 days for the laboratory experiments and 1–3 days for the field. Fecundity of the exephippial generation is markedly higher. Here, the clutch size for this generation was up to 3.5–4.0 times as large as for the parthenogenetic generation. Moreover, obtained results suggest that the relationship between clutch size and body length for both generations differ significantly.

Estimates of the intrinsic rate of increase for field Daphnia populations demonstrated that life history traits of exephippial animals lead to a two or threefold higher rate of increase in the conditions of invertebrate predation pressure. Under moderate fish pressure, obtained r values for the daphniids hatching from resting eggs were larger than those from subitaneous. High growth rate of exephippial females is disadvantageous only under the conditions of severe pressure by fish. Obtained results suggest that hatchlings from diapausing eggs an acceleration of population increase by several times during the beginning of the development of a population with periodical re-establishment from resting eggs.

Key words

Daphnia diapause growth maturity clutch size intrinsic rate of increase 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kestutis Arbačiauskas
    • 1
  • Zita Rasuolė Gasiūnaitė
    • 1
  1. 1.Intitute of EcologyVilniusLithuania

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