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Inferred ionic composition and salinity of a Bolivian Quaternary lake, as estimated from fossil diatoms in the sediments

Abstract

Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) was used to estimate past salinity and ionic composition in sediments of a paleolake in the southernmost Bolivian Altiplano. Modern diatom assemblages were sampled from the subsurface sediments of 14 saline lagoons, and compared quantitatively with fossil assemblages. Only one application of the method is reported: to a Quaternary outcrop located on the border of one of them (Laguna Ballivian). Multivariate analysis was performed on diatom data to check the range of variation of both the fossil and modern flora. It also allowed a reduced set of explanatory variables for regression analysis.

Finally, a number of transformations of the chemical variables was computed prior to the regression process in order to stabilize the residuals variance and obtain a good error estimate. Only ten chemical components were studied, but the method could be applied to other palaoenvironmental parameters.

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Roux, M., Servant-Vildary, S. & Servant, M. Inferred ionic composition and salinity of a Bolivian Quaternary lake, as estimated from fossil diatoms in the sediments. Hydrobiologia 210, 3–18 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00014319

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00014319

Key words

  • diatoms
  • past salinities
  • salt lake
  • reciprocal averaging
  • correspondence analysis
  • multiple linear regression