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Growth enhancement of Citrus reshni after inoculation with Glomus intraradices and Trichoderma aureoviride and associated effects on microbial populations and enzyme activity in potting mixes

Abstract

There have been some scientific reports suggesting that dual inoculations with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and saprophytic soil fungi may cause an additive or synergistic growth enhancement of the inoculated host plant. Some Trichoderma spp. have shown antagonistic potential against pathogenic fungi and a beneficial effect on plant growth. Joint inoculations of the mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices Schenck and Smith, isolated from a citrus nursery (Tarragona, Spain) and a strain of Trichoderma aureoviride Rifai, isolated from an organic compost, were tested on a citrus rootstock, Citrus reshni Hort. ex Tan. The interactions between both microorganisms and their influence on mycorrhizal root colonization and plant growth enhancement, the changes produced in the soil microbial activity, like esterase, trehalase, phosphatase and chitinase activities, and on microbial populations were evaluated in three organic substrates: (1) sphagnum peat and autoclaved sandy soil (1/1, v/v), (2) sphagnum peat, quartz sand and perlite (1/1/1, v/v) and (3) pine bark compost (BVU, Prodeasa Product). Substrate characteristics were more important than the AM inoculation treatment in the determination of enzyme activity. In bark compost, the number of bacterial colonies obtained on soil-dilution plates was significantly higher than in peat and sand mixtures. Inoculation with T. aureoviride alone produced no significant effect on growth enhancement of C. reshni. However, dual inoculation with both, T. aureoviride and G. intraradices significantly increased plant growth in two of the substrates used and was the best treatment in pine bark amended compost. The inoculation with T. aureoviride did not affect the development of mycorrhizal root colonization. These results show a synergistic effect of G. intraradices and T. aureoviride on the growth of C. reshni in organic substrates and indicate the potential benefits of using combined inoculations.

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Camprubí, A., Calvet, C. & Estaún, V. Growth enhancement of Citrus reshni after inoculation with Glomus intraradices and Trichoderma aureoviride and associated effects on microbial populations and enzyme activity in potting mixes. Plant Soil 173, 233–238 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00011460

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00011460

Key words

  • citrus rootstocks
  • Glomus intraradices
  • mycorrhiza
  • soil enzyme activity
  • Trichoderma aureoviride