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Plant and Soil

, Volume 164, Issue 1, pp 61–68 | Cite as

Allelopathic potential of vegetative and flowering ragwort (Senecio jacobaea L.) plants against associated pasture species

  • M. Ahmed
  • D. A. Wardle
Research Article

Abstract

The allelopathic effects of vegetative and flowering plants of the annual/biennial pasture weed Senecio jacobaea L. (ragwort) against Lolium perenne L. (perennial ryegrass) and four pasture legumes were investigated using a range of bioassays. Bioassays based on shoot and root leachates demonstrated detectable, although usually slight, allelopathic effects, and these did not usually differ between the two developmental stages of S. jacobaea. However, aqueous extract and tissue decomposition bioassays demonstrated stronger allelopathic effects, particularly for flowering plants, and this was in general agreement with toxicity assessments of soil collected from under S. jacobaea plants in the field. According to our study, flowering plants have the potential to weaken pasture through allelopathy, and decomposition of above-ground litter appears as the most likely mechanism facilitating this. The aqueous extract and tissue decomposition bioassays also revealed that L. perenne was less susceptible to S. jacobaea allelopathy than were the legumes, suggesting that encouraging a strong L. perenne component in pastures has potential for reducing the overall inhibitory ef S. jacobaea on pasture production.

Key words

allelopathy aqueous extract bioassay leachate ragwort soil toxicity 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ahmed
    • 1
  • D. A. Wardle
    • 1
  1. 1.AgResearch, Ruakura Agricultural CentreHamiltonNew Zealand

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