Skip to main content

Lead inactivation in soils by zeolites


Three-year pot experiments, carried out in a greenhouse, and laboratory investigations proved that the introduction of synthetic zeolites into lead-contaminated soils led to a reduction in the lead content of plants and thus contributed to a reduction in lead in the nutrient cycle. Lettuce leaves grown on a lead-contaminated soil amended with zeolites were 49–73% lower in Pb content than those on soils with no zeolites added.

For grasses, these reductions were 47–77%, for the aboveground parts of oats 58–68%, for beet leaves 62%, and for beet roots 26–83%.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  • Borowiak M, Górny M, Kot B and Lewandowski W 1983 Study on distribution of heavy metals in athropogenic soil-zeolite systems. Paper presented at Meeting of Polish Assoc. of Chem. 287, Katowice (In Polish).

  • Borowiak, M, Czarnowska, K, Lewandowski, W and Kot, B 1986 Dynamics of changes in the content of heavy metals in anthropogenic soils in the presence of zeolites. Roczniki gleboznawcze XXVII, 4, 67–83 (In Polish).

    Google Scholar 

  • Breck, D W 1974 Zeolite Molecular Sieves. Wiley, New York. 771 p.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brogowski, Z, Dobrzański, B and Kocoń, J 1979 Morphology of natural zeolites occurring in soil as determined by electron microscopy. Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. 28, 115–117.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brogowski, Z, Dobrzański, B, Kocoń, J and Zaniewska-Chlipalska E 1983 The possibility of zeolite occurrence in the soil of Poland. Zeszyty problemowe Postępów Nauk rolniczych). 220, 489–494 (In Polish).

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelishev N F and Chelisheva R V 1981 Importance of ion exchange properties of natural zeolites for the removal of toxic metals from digestive tract. Paper presented at meeting of aspirants. pp 217–225, Baku (In Russian).

  • Czupyrna, G, Levy, R D, MacLean, A J and Gold, H 1983 In-Situ Immobilization of Heavy-Metal-Contaminated Soils. Noyes Data Corporation, Park Ridge, NJ.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gorokhov V K, Lyan P M, Isaeva E N, Kalacheva L J and Sichkar E V 1981 On possible use of natural sorbents from Sakhalin in agriculture. Paper presented at meeting of aspirants. pp 86–91, Baku (In Russian).

  • Gworek, B and Borowiak, M 1990 Model studies on immobilization of certain heavy metals by synthetic zeolite. Roczniki gleboznawcze 42, 1–2 (In Polish).

    Google Scholar 

  • Gworek B and Borowiak M 1990 Patent notification No. 283821 (In Polish).

  • Gworek B 1991 Inactivation of cadmium in contaminated soils using synthetic zeolites. Env. Poll. 74.

  • Sandy, L B and Mumpton, F A 1978 Natural Zeolites: Occurence, Properties, Uses. Pergamon Press, New York. 546 p.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gworek, B. Lead inactivation in soils by zeolites. Plant Soil 143, 71–74 (1992).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words

  • lead
  • soil pollution
  • zeolites