Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 246, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

Feeding behaviour and food selection in the horseshoe crab, Tachypleus gigas (Müller)

  • Anil Chatterji
  • J. K. Mishra
  • A. H. Parulekar
Article

Abstract

The Indian horseshoe crab, Tachypleus gigas (Müller), is a benthic feeder which subsists mainly on molluscs, decayed organic matter and polychaetes, in order of prevalence. A strong and positive preference was recorded for molluscs over other food organisms. The intensity of feeding was maximum during the north-east monsoon (November to January) in females and during the intermonsoon season (February to May) in males. It was minimum during the south-west monsoon (June to September).

Key words

Feeding behaviour food selection T. gigas 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Botton, M. L., 1982. Predation of adult horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus (L) and its effect on benthic intertidal community structure of breeding beaches in Delaware Bay, New Jersey. Ph. D. Thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunsick, N.J., 466 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Botton, M. L., 1984a. Diet and food preferences of the adult horseshoe crab. Limulus polyphemus in Delaware Bay, New Jersey, USA. Mar. Biol. 81: 199–207.Google Scholar
  3. Botton, M. L., 1984b. The importance of predation by horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus to an intertidal sand flat community. J. Mar. Res. 42: 139–161.Google Scholar
  4. Botton, M. L., 1984c. Patterns of abundance of the horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus in Delaware Bay and coastal New Jersey. Bull. N.J. Acad. Sci. 27: 39.Google Scholar
  5. Botton, M. L. & H. H. Haskin, 1984. Distribution and feeding of the horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus on the continental shelf, New Jersey. Fish. Bull. 82: 383–389.Google Scholar
  6. Botton, M. L. & J. W. Ropes, 1989. Feeding ecology of horseshoe crab on the continental shelf, New Jersey to North Carolina. Bull. Mar. Sci. 49(3): 637–647.Google Scholar
  7. Chatterji, A., A. Q. Siddiqui & A. A. Khan, 1977. Food and feeding habits of Labeo gonius (Ham.) from the river Kali. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 75: 104–109.Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, E., 1979. Biomedical Applications of the Horseshoe Crab (Limulidae). Liss, New York, 688 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Cooper, J. F., 1979. Acceptence of the limulus test as alternative pyrogen test for radiopharmaceuticals and intrathecal drugs. Progr. Clin. Biol. Res. 29: 345.Google Scholar
  10. Hughes, R. N., 1980. Optimal foraging theory in the marine context. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. ann. Rev. 18: 423–481.Google Scholar
  11. Ivlev, V. S., 1961. Experimental Ecology of the Feeding of Fishes. New Haven, Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lockwood, S., 1870. The horseshoe crab. Am. Nat. 4: 257–274.Google Scholar
  13. Parulekar, A. H., S. A. Nair, S. N. Harkantra & Z. A. Ansari, 1976. Some quantitative studies on the benthos off Bombay. Mahasagar. Bull. natl. Inst. Oceanogr. 9: 51–56.Google Scholar
  14. Peterson, C. H., 1979. Predation, comparative exclusion and diversity in the soft sediment benthic communities of estuaries and lagoons. In R. J. Livingston (ed.), Ecological Process in Coastal and Marine Systems. Plenum Press, New York, 588 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Ropes, J. W., 1982. The Atlantic coast surf clam fishery, 1965–1974. Mar. Fish. Rev. 44: 1–14.Google Scholar
  16. Sekiguchi, K., K. Nakamura, T. K. Sen & H. Sugita, 1976. Morphological variation and distribution of a horseshoe crab, Tachypleus gigas, from the Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Siam. Proc. Jap. Soc. Syst. Zool. 12: 13–20.Google Scholar
  17. Shuster, C. N. Jr., 1980. A pictorial review of the natural history and ecology of the horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus with reference to other Limulidae. In J. Bonaventura and C. Bonaventura (eds), Physiology and Biology of Horseshoe Crab. Studies on Normal and Environmentally Stressed Animals. Liss, New York: 1–51.Google Scholar
  18. Smith, O. R., 1953. Notes on the ability of horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus to locate soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria. Ecology 34: 636–637.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anil Chatterji
    • 1
  • J. K. Mishra
    • 1
  • A. H. Parulekar
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of OceanographyDona PaulaIndia

Personalised recommendations