Taurine modulates kallikrein activity and glucose metabolism in insulin resistant rats
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Taurine, a potent antioxidant has been reported to show an antidiabetic effect in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in which the development of hyperglycemia results from the damage to β cells of pancreas by reactive oxygen species. In addition, taurine also increases the excretion of nitrite and enhances the formation of kinins and would be expected to improve insulin resistance. The effect of taurine on insulin sensitivity was examined in the high fructose-fed rats, an animal model of insulin resistance. Male Wistar rats of body weight 170–190 g were divided into 4 groups: a control group and taurine-supplemented control group, taurine supplemented and unsupplemented fructose-fed group. An intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) and a steady state plasma glucose level (SSPG) were performed before the sacrifice. The fructose-fed rats displayed hyperglycemia and insulin resistance and they had a greater accumulation of glycogen than did control rats. Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance were significantly lower in the taurine supplemented fructose-fed group than in the unsupplemented fructose-fed group. Urinary kallikrein activity was higher in taurine-treated animals than in the rats fed only fructose. The activity of membrane bound ATPases were significantly lower in fructose-fed rats than in the control rats and were significantly higher in the taurine supplemented group than in the fructose-fed group. Taurine effectively improves glucose metabolism in fructose-fed rats presumably via improved insulin action and glucose tolerance.
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