Tropical Ecology

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 199–208 | Cite as

Study on land-use and land-cover change dynamics in Eastern Arunachal Pradesh, N.E. India using remote sensing and GIS

  • Jyotishman DekaEmail author
  • Om Prakash Tripathi
  • Mohammed Latif Khan
  • Vijay Kumar Srivastava
Research Article


The current study describes the land use and land cover dynamics in Eastern Arunachal Pradesh from 1985 to 2005 using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS). Landsat-MSS, IRS-LISS-I and LISS-III data for the period 1985, 1995 and 2005 were used to prepare the land use/land cover (LULC) map at 1:250K for different periods. Post-classification change detection technique for quantifying the changes for twelve major land use and land cover types was analyzed. The study signifies that the region experiences expansion in crop land and built-up area and decline in forest area. Crop land and built-up area has increased by 665.41 km2 and 16.72 km2, respectively, from 1985 to 2005. On the other hand, forest area has declined by 699.37 km2 during the period. The study showed that topography and increasing population play an important role in shaping the LULC pattern. The study further revealed the importance of satellite remote sensing and GIS as an effective approach for analyzing the direction, rate and spatial pattern of land use dynamics. It is believed that this type of study will help to contribute towards sustainable land-use planning and management in this part of the North East India in the near future.


Change detection Change matrix Land-use Population Topography 



This work was carried out as a part of “Land-use/land cover change dynamics and impact of human dimension on Indian river basins” project under the ISRO-Geosphere Biosphere Program. Thanks are due to Dr. P. S. Roy, Project Director, for entrusting us the job of carrying out the project in Brahmaputra river basin covering the study area of this report.


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Copyright information

© International Society for Tropical Ecology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyotishman Deka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Om Prakash Tripathi
    • 2
  • Mohammed Latif Khan
    • 3
  • Vijay Kumar Srivastava
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of Science and TechnologyBariduaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ForestryNorth Eastern Regional Institute of Science and TechnologyNirjuliIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanyDr. Harisingh Gour Central UniversitySagarIndia
  4. 4.Land Use DivisionNational Remote Sensing CenterHyderabadIndia

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