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Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue Over Layered Double Hydroxides Using Various Divalent Metal Ions

  • Guoxiang PanEmail author
  • Minhong Xu
  • Kai Zhou
  • Yue Meng
  • Haifeng Chen
  • Yuhua Guo
  • Tao Wu
Article
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Abstract

To apply hydrotalcites more effectively to the problem of dye wastewater, the effects of divalent metal ions on the structure and stability of hydrotalcites, especially on their photocatalytic activity, were compared. In the present study, M/Cr hydrotalcites (M3Cr-CO3-LDHs) (in which M = Mg, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn), where the M/Cr molar ratio was 3, were prepared by the co-precipitation method. The structures and properties were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), and UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS). The results showed that five kinds of M3Cr-CO3-LDHs were synthesized successfully, and the layered structure of the samples obtained was regular and the crystal phase was single. When methylene blue (MB) solution was exposed to ZnCr-CO3-LDHs, H2O2, and visible light irradiation, more than 90.67% of the methylene blue (MB) was removed after 140 min. The photocatalytic activity of the samples was in the order: Co3Cr-CO3-LDHs > Mg3Cr-CO3-LDHs > Cu3Cr-CO3-LDHs > Zn3Cr-CO3-LDHs > Ni3Cr-CO3-LDHs. The results of a catalytic mechanism study showed that photocatalytic degradation of MB involved a demethylation reaction, with the reactive species containing •O2-, •OH, and h+.

Keywords

Co-precipitation Method M3Cr-CO3-LDHs Methylene Blue Photocatalytic Degradation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This Project is supported by Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No. LY17E040001; No. LQ19E040001).

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Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 2019
AE: Chun-Hui Zhou

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guoxiang Pan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Minhong Xu
    • 1
  • Kai Zhou
    • 1
  • Yue Meng
    • 1
  • Haifeng Chen
    • 1
  • Yuhua Guo
    • 1
  • Tao Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringHuzhou UniversityHuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Zhejiang Huayuan Pigment Co., LtdDeqingPeople’s Republic of China

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