Journal of Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 41–45 | Cite as

Development of Wireless Sensor Node and Controller Complying with Communication Interface Standard for Smart Farming

  • Soo-Hyun Park
  • Tusan Park
  • Heun Dong Park
  • Dae-Hyun Jung
  • Joon Yong KimEmail author
Original Article



The sensor node is a basic unit of a greenhouse control system that collects environment data and sends them to an environment controller. It is important for the sensor node and the controller to share a common communication protocol to enable effective communication. The objective of this research was to develop a wireless sensor node complying with a communication interface standard between a sensor node and a controller and to evaluate variation in data transmission rate with distance.


The TTAK.KO-06.0288-Part1/R1 standard was selected as a communication interface standard; it was analyzed and implemented with a C++ library. A sensor node and a controller were designed to communicate with the library wirelessly using Bluetooth. The system was tested in a greenhouse to evaluate the variation in data transmission rate with changes in the distance between the components.


A C++ library, libgnode, was developed and successfully implemented for transmitting data from the sensor node to the controller, complying with the TTA standards. The data transmission rate was 100% up to a distance of 25 m between the sensor node and the controller.


The libgnode library can be utilized to improve the interoperability between components of a greenhouse control system. However, further research into the use of long-distance wireless communication methods (e.g., Zigbee or LoRa) is warranted in order to extend the communication coverage area in the greenhouse.


Communication interface standard Interoperability Sensor node Smart farming TTAK.KO-06.0288-Part1/R1 


Funding Information

This work was supported by Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry (IPET) through Agriculture, and the Food and Rural Affairs Research Center Support Program, funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) (717001-07-3-HD320).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soo-Hyun Park
    • 1
  • Tusan Park
    • 2
  • Heun Dong Park
    • 3
  • Dae-Hyun Jung
    • 1
    • 4
  • Joon Yong Kim
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Smart Farm Research CenterKorea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)GangneungRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Bio-Industrial Machinery EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Research Team, Jinong Inc.AnyangRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Biosystems EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.Research Institute for Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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