Modified Particle Swarm Optimizer as Optimization of Time Dial Settings for Coordination of Directional Overcurrent Relay

  • Tahir Khurshaid
  • Abdul Wadood
  • Saeid Gholami Farkoush
  • Chang-Hwan Kim
  • Namhun Cho
  • Sang-Bong RheeEmail author
Original Article


The coordination of directional overcurrent relays (DOCR) plays a very important role for maintaining security and enhancing reliability in the electrical power system. This paper presents the coordination of directional overcurrent relay using the modified particle swarm optimization (MPSO) technique. In order to improve the quality of a solution a local search algorithm is embedded to the original particle swarm optimization (PSO). Time dial settings had been optimized for directional overcurrent relays. In PSO technique on implementing the DOCR, being a highly constrained optimization problem that takes into consideration the linear programming. To handle such constraints a modification to PSO algorithm has been introduced. MPSO has achieved a lot of relaxation to its easy implementation, modesty and robustness. The proposed algorithm had been tested on IEEE 6-bus, IEEE 15-bus system and IEEE 30-bus system using MATLAB computer programming.


Time dial settings Directional overcurrent relay Modified particle swarm optimizer Power system protection 



This research was supported by Korea Electric Power Corporation, grant number (R17XA05-38).


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tahir Khurshaid
    • 1
  • Abdul Wadood
    • 1
  • Saeid Gholami Farkoush
    • 1
  • Chang-Hwan Kim
    • 1
  • Namhun Cho
    • 2
  • Sang-Bong Rhee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringYeungnam UniversityGyeongsanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Korea Electric Power Research Institute (KEPRI), Korea Electric Power Company (KEPCO)TaejonKorea

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