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Carbon Letters

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 1–20 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of functionalized MWCNTs-COOH with 3-amino-5-phenylpyrazole as an adsorbent and optimization study using central composite design

  • Mobina Alimohammady
  • Mansour JahangiriEmail author
  • Farhoush Kiani
  • Hasan Tahermansouri
Original Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

Carboxylated multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-COOH) was functionalized with 3-amino-5-phenylpyrazole (MWCNTs-f) and characterized by FTIR, EDX, SEM, XRD and TGA. The MWCNTs-COOH and MWCNTs-f were used for the adsorption of Cd(II), Hg(II), and As(III) ions from aqueous solutions. Additionally, to study the influence of pH, adsorbent dose, and initial ions concentration on the adsorption process, the central composite design (CCD) was applied. The quadratic model was used for analysis of variance and indicated that adsorption of metal ions strongly depends on pH. Time-dependent adsorption can be described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and adsorption process was modeled by Langmuir isotherm for the adsorbents. Thermodynamic analysis showed that the adsorption of Cd(II), Hg(II) and As(III) ions were spontaneous and endothermic. Moreover, the competitive adsorption capacities of the heavy metal ions were slightly lower than noncompetitive ones. The same affinity order was observed under noncompetitive and competitive adsorption: As(III) > Cd(II) > Hg(II) in the case of MWCNTs-f. Desorption study revealed the favorable regeneration ability of adsorbents powders, even after three adsorption–desorption cycles.

Keywords

Adsorption Heavy metal Carbon nanotubes 3-Amino-5-phenylpyrazole 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial and encouragement support provided by the Research Vice Presidency of Semnan University and Research Laboratory of Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, IAU.

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Copyright information

© Korean Carbon Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mobina Alimohammady
    • 1
  • Mansour Jahangiri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Farhoush Kiani
    • 2
  • Hasan Tahermansouri
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical, Petroleum and Gas EngineeringSemnan UniversitySemnanIslamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Ayatollah Amoli BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAmolIslamic Republic of Iran

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