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The Effects of Punishment in Laboratory Microcultures

  • Thais Maria Monteiro GuimarãesEmail author
  • Felipe Lustosa Leite
  • Marcus Bentes de Carvalho Neto
  • Emmanuel Zagury Tourinho
  • François Tonneau
Article

Abstract

The purpose of the present two experiments was to evaluate the effects on laboratory microcultures of (a) individual punishment and (b) punishment dependent on group performance. Each experiment involved a single session divided into successive trials. People’s tasks on each trial consisted of choosing rows in a 10 × 10 colored matrix. Consequences were delivered after each trial depending on individuals’ choices (Experiment 1) or on their choices’ aggregated product at the group level (Experiment 2). Experiment 1 showed reliable effects of individual punishment on individual target responding. Experiment 2 showed reliable effects of a group-level analog of punishment on the emission of a target culturant. We discuss some implications of these findings for current concepts of operant behavior and cultural change.

Keywords

Culturant Group Humans Metacontingency Punishment 

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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thais Maria Monteiro Guimarães
    • 1
    Email author
  • Felipe Lustosa Leite
    • 2
  • Marcus Bentes de Carvalho Neto
    • 1
  • Emmanuel Zagury Tourinho
    • 1
  • François Tonneau
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Theory and Research on BehaviorFederal University of ParáBelémBrazil
  2. 2.Imagine Tecnologia ComportamentalFortalezaBrazil

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