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Improving Soil Simazine Dissipation Through an Organic Amendment Inoculated with Trametes versicolor

  • Hector Herrera
  • Graciela Palma
  • Leonardo Almonacid
  • Reinaldo Campos
  • Alejandra Fuentes
  • Inmaculada Garcia-Romera
  • César ArriagadaEmail author
Research Article
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Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of applying sewage sludge combined with wheat crop residue as an organic amendment on the dissipation rate of simazine spiked at 2 and 20 mg kg−1 in an Andisol soil from southern Chile. Changes in some soil enzymes related to soil quality were measured by spectrophotometry, simazine dissipation rates were measured by gas chromatography, and biomass production in the contaminated soil was evaluated. Results of this study indicated that application of the organic amendment inoculated with Trametes versicolor enabled a decrease in negative effects of the herbicide on soil enzymatic activities and a reduction in final concentrations of simazine (~ 80% at both doses). The simazine half-life time was reduced from 14 to 10 days and from 36 to 15 days for doses of 2 and 20 mg kg−1, respectively. These findings prove that the combined strategy of biostimulation and bioaugmentation using these residues can be effectively used to reduce residue pesticides in soils, mainly by increasing the microbiological activity, thus improving simazine dissipation in an Andisol soil.

Keywords

Biodegradation Bioremediation Pesticides Soil biochemical properties Simazine 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by “Fondo Nacional De Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico” [grant numbers 1170931 to C.A. and 3160699 to A.F.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio de Biorremediación, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Forestales, Departamento de Ciencias ForestalesUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias Químicas y Recursos NaturalesUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  3. 3.Facultad Ciencias Biológicas, Centro de Biotecnología VegetalUniversidad Andrés BelloSantiagoChile
  4. 4.FONDAP Center for Genome RegulationSantiagoChile
  5. 5.Estación Experimental del ZaidínGranadaSpain

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