Advertisement

Vermicompost Influences Soil P Pools and Available N—Effect of Placement and Combination with Inorganic Fertiliser

  • Juqi Li
  • Khuyen Thi Kim Hoang
  • Nazia Hassan
  • Petra MarschnerEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Compost application can increase plant nutrient availability. But the effect of compost on nutrient availability may depend on a number of factors. In this study, the effect of application method (mulch layer or mixed into the soil) and combination with inorganic fertiliser on soil P pools and available N was investigated. Soil was filled in microcosm with six treatments, including control, vermicompost layer with or without fertilisers (CL, CL/F), bulk soil mixed with inorganic fertiliser alone (F), vermicompost alone (CM) and both of inorganic fertiliser and vermicompost (CM/F). The microcosms were incubated in the dark for 3 weeks. Citrate P, HCl P and resin P were the highest in F, but MBP was higher in CM and CM/F. Citrate P and HCl P were about three- and six-fold higher in CM and CM/F than in CL and CL/F. Available N was the highest in CL/F and 20% higher in CL than in CM. Vermicompost mixed into soil slightly increased soil nutrient availability compared to unamended soil but had little effect when placed on the soil surface. Vermicompost mixed into soil with inorganic N and P could be used to minimise loss of N and P after inorganic fertiliser addition and thereby provide a longer-lasting nutrient supply for plants.

Keywords

Detritusphere Inorganic fertiliser P pools Vermicompost 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Nazia Hassan received a scholarship from the International Research Support Initiative Program of the Higher Education Commission, Pakistan, for her visit to the University of Adelaide.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Alamgir M, McNeill A, Tang C, Marschner P (2012) Changes in soil P pools during legume residue decomposition. Soil Biol Biochem 49:70–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atiyeh R, Subler S, Edwards C, Bachman G, Metzger J, Shuster W (2000) Effects of vermicomposts and composts on plant growth in horticultural container media and soil. Pedobiologia 44:579–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayaga G, Todd A, Brookes PC (2006) Enhanced biological cycling of phosphorus increases its availability to crops in low-input sub-Saharan farming systems. Soil Biol Biochem 38:81–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bremner J, Breitenbeck GA (1983) A simple method for determination of ammonium in semimicro-Kjeldahl analysis of soils and plant materials using a block digester. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 14:905–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DeLuca TH, Glanville HC, Harris M, Emmett BA, Pingree MRA, de Sosa LL, Cerda-Moreno C, Jones DL (2015) A novel biologically-based approach to evaluating soil phosphorus availability across complex landscapes. Soil Biol Biochem 88:110–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diacono M, Montemurro F (2019) Olive pomace compost in organic emmer crop: yield, soil properties, and heavy metals’ fate in plant and soil. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 19:63–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Erinle KO, Li J, Doolette A, Marschner P (2018) Soil phosphorus pools in the detritusphere of plant residues with different C/P ratio—influence of drying and rewetting. Biol Fertil Soils 54:841–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Frey S, Six J, Elliott E (2003) Reciprocal transfer of carbon and nitrogen by decomposer fungi at the soil–litter interface. Soil Biol Biochem 35:1001–1004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gee GW, Or D (2002) Particle-size analysis. In: Dane JH, Topp CG (eds) Methods of soil analysis. Part 4 Physical methods. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, pp 255–293Google Scholar
  10. Gerke J (1993) Phosphate adsorption by humic/Fe-oxide mixtures aged at pH 4 and 7 and by poorly ordered Fe-oxide. Geoderma 59:279–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gutiérrez-Miceli FA, Santiago-Borraz J, Molina JAM, Nafate CC, Abud-Archila M, Llaven MAO, Rincon-Rosales R, Dendooven L (2007) Vermicompost as a soil supplement to improve growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). Bioresour Technol 98:2781–2786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hadas A, Kautsky L, Goek M, Kara EE (2004) Rates of decomposition of plant residues and available nitrogen in soil, related to residue composition through simulation of carbon and nitrogen turnover. Soil Biol Biochem 36:255–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hanson WC (1950) The photometric determination of phosphorus in fertilizers using the phosphovanado-molybdate complex. J Sci Food Agric 1:172–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kabala C, Karczewska A, Gałka B, Cuske M, Sowiński J, (2017) Seasonal dynamics of nitrate and ammonium ion concentrations in soil solutions collected using MacroRhizon suction cups. Environ Monit Assess 189(7)Google Scholar
  15. Kandeler E, Luxhøi J, Tscherko D, Magid J (1999) Xylanase, invertase and protease at the soil–litter interface of a loamy sand. Soil Biol Biochem 31:1171–1179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Konieczyński P, Wesołowski M (2007) Water extractable forms of nitrogen, phosphorus and iron in fruits and seeds of medicinal plants. Acta Pol Pharm Drug Res 64:385–391Google Scholar
  17. Kouno K, Tuchiya Y, Ando T (1995) Measurement of soil microbial biomass phosphorus by an anion-exchange membrane method. Soil Biol Biochem 27:1353–1357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lim SL, Wu TY, Lim PN, Shak KPY (2015) The use of vermicompost in organic farming: overview, effects on soil and economics. J Sci Food Agric 95:1143–1156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu M, Chen X, Chen S, Li H, Hu F (2011) Resource, biological community and soil functional stability dynamics at the soil–litter interface. Acta Ecol Sin 31:347–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Marschner P, Marhan S, Kandeler E (2012) Microscale distribution and function of soil microorganisms in the interface between rhizosphere and detritusphere. Soil Biol Biochem 49:174–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Masunga RH, Uzokwe VN, Mlay PD, Odeh I, Singh A, Buchan D, De Neve S (2016) Nitrogen mineralization dynamics of different valuable organic amendments commonly used in agriculture. Appl Soil Ecol 101:185–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McLaughlin MJ, Alston AM, Martin JK (1986) Measurement of phosphorus in the soil microbial biomass - a modified procedure for field soils. Soil Biol Biochem 18:437–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Miranda KM, Espey MG, Wink DA (2001) A rapid, simple spectrophotometric method for simultaneous detection of nitrate and nitrite. Nitric Oxide 5:62–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moritsuka N, Yanai J, Mori K, Kosaki T (2004) Biotic and abiotic processes of nitrogen immobilization in the soil-residue interface. Soil Biol Biochem 36:1141–1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ohno T, Zibilske LM (1991) Determination of low concentrations of phosphorus in soil extracts using malachite green. Soil Sci Soc Am J 55:892–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Poll C, Brune T, Begerow D, Kandeler E (2010) Small-scale diversity and succession of fungi in the detritusphere of rye residues. Microb Ecol 59:130–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Saleem A, Irshad M, Hassan A, Mahmood Q, Eneji A (2017) Extractability and bioavailability of phosphorus in soils amended with poultry manure co-composted with crop wastes. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 19:609–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sinkevičienė A, Jodaugienė D, Pupalienė R, Urbonienė M (2009) The influence of organic mulches on soil properties and crop yield. Agron Res 7:485–491Google Scholar
  29. Tian G, Kang BT, Brussaard L (1992) Biological effects of plant residues with contrasting chemical compositions under humid tropical conditions—decomposition and nutrient release. Soil Biol Biochem 24:1051–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Walkley A, Black IA (1934) An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wilke BM (2005) Determination of chemical and physical soil properties. In: Margesin R, Schinner F (eds) Monitoring and assessing soil bioremediation. Springer, pp 47–95Google Scholar
  32. Willis RB, Montgomery ME, Allen PR (1996) Improved method for manual, colorimetric determination of total Kjeldahl nitrogen using salicylate. J Agric Food Chem 44:1804–1807CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agriculture, Food and WineThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering FacultyIndustrial University of Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.PMAS-Arid Agriculture University RawalpindiPunjabPakistan

Personalised recommendations