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Low Soil Temperature Inhibits Yield of Rice Under Drip Irrigation

  • Jun Zhang
  • Jianwei Hou
  • Haoyu Zhang
  • Chaoran Meng
  • Xinjiang Zhang
  • Changzhou WeiEmail author
Research Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

Drip irrigation has recently been proposed as a water-saving method for rice cultivation. Growers have observed that rice yields are less under drip irrigation than under flood irrigation; however, the reason is unclear. The objective of this two-factor experiment was to compare the effects of irrigation method (flood irrigation and drip irrigation) and soil temperature (18, 24, and 30 °C) on rice physiology and yield. The results showed that at 30 °C soil temperature, drip irrigation reduced the photosynthetic activity of rice compared with flood irrigation. Drip irrigation also (i) increased the activities of superoxide dismutase by 5% and catalase by 27% and (ii) reduced endogenous hormone concentrations. At 18 °C soil temperature, drip irrigation significantly increased SOD (+ 7%) and CAT (+ 23%) and significantly reduced GA (− 25%) and IAA (− 16%) concentrations compared with flood irrigation. The ZR+Z concentrations were 13% less in drip irrigation than in flood irrigation at low soil temperature. The negative effects of low soil temperature (18 and 24 °C) were greater under drip irrigation than under flood irrigation, suggesting that low soil temperature exacerbated the stress that rice was under in the drip irrigation system. Drip irrigation significantly reduced the secondary spikelet number compared with flood irrigation. This led to a significant yield reduction. Overall, the combination of low soil temperature and drought stress may be the main reason for the marked decline in the yield of drip-irrigated rice in northern Xinjiang Province.

Keywords

Soil temperature Rice Drip irrigation Flood irrigation Yield 

Abbreviations

DI

Drip irrigation

FI

Flood irrigation

Pn

Photosynthetic rate

Gs

Stomatal conductance

Ci

Intercellular CO2 concentration

Tr

Transpiration rate

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

POD

Peroxidase

CAT

Catalase

MDA

Malondialdehyde

GA

Gibberellic acid

ABA

Abscisic acid

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

ZR+Z

Zeatin riboside + zeatin

SPB

Survived primary branches

SSB

Survived secondary branches

SSPB

Survived spikelets on primary branches

SSSB

Survived spikelets on secondary branches

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to Dr. William Gale for his help with the language editing of this manuscript.

Funding

This work was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (2011AA100508), the National Science Funds of China (31471947), and the National Science Funds of China (31860587).

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Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianwei Hou
    • 1
  • Haoyu Zhang
    • 1
  • Chaoran Meng
    • 1
  • Xinjiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Changzhou Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Lab of Oasis Ecology Agriculture of Xinjiang Production and Construction Group, Agriculture CollegeShihezi UniversityShiheziPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Water Security for Water Source Region of Mid-line of South-to-North Diversion Project of Henan ProvinceNanyang Normal UniversityNanyangPeople’s Republic of China

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