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Protective Effect of Methyl Jasmonate on Photosynthetic Performance and Its Association with Antioxidants in Contrasting Aluminum-Resistant Blueberry Cultivars Exposed to Aluminum

  • Elizabeth M. Ulloa-Inostroza
  • M. Alberdi
  • A. G. Ivanov
  • M. Reyes-DíazEmail author
Research Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) protective effect on photosynthetic performance and its association with antioxidants in two highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) cultivars with contrasting aluminum (Al) resistance under Al toxicity was determined. Legacy (Al-resistant) and Bluegold (Al-sensitive) cultivars were subjected to control, MeJA, Al, and their combination (Al+MeJA) for 0, 24, and 48 h under greenhouse conditions. Al concentration, oxidative damage (malondialdehyde (MDA) and H2O2 concentrations), antioxidant activity (AA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, total polyphenols (TPP), chlorogenic acid, and in vivo photosynthetic performance were determined. The exposure to Al toxicity increased the Al concentration (up to 15-fold) and oxidative damage (up to 5.5-fold) compared to the control at 48 h, despite the antioxidant responses (SOD and CAT activities) were increased (up to 4-fold), mainly in the Al-sensitive cultivar at 48 h. Concomitantly, the photosynthetic performance was strongly reduced in the Al-sensitive cultivar (1.6-fold), while the Al-resistant cultivar was more stable during the experiment. However, when cultivars were exposed to Al+MeJA, the Al accumulation and oxidative damage strongly decreased (7-fold and 1.6-fold, respectively), increasing AA, SOD and CAT activities, and TPP in both cultivars during the first hours of Al exposure. The MeJA application decreased Al uptake and stimulated antioxidant pathways, which may counteract the toxic Al effects, protecting the photosynthetic apparatus in both cultivars, being more evident in the Al-sensitive cultivar.

Keywords

Chlorophyll fluorescence Methyl jasmonate Photosynthesis Pigments Oxidative stress 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful for FONDECYT Project no. 1171286 which supported this work and PhD fellowship no. 21110919, both from the Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT) of the Government of Chile, as well as the DI 13-2017, DI 15-2015, and DI 16-2011 Projects from the Dirección de Investigación at the Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile. Finally, we wish to thank Mariela Mora for her valuable assistance in the laboratory.

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Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth M. Ulloa-Inostroza
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Alberdi
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. G. Ivanov
    • 5
    • 6
  • M. Reyes-Díaz
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias de Recursos NaturalesUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Fisiología Vegetal AplicadaUniversidad de AysénCoyhaiqueChile
  3. 3.Center of Plant, Soil Interaction and Natural Resources Biotechnology, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus (BIOREN-UFRO)Universidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciencias Químicas y Recursos NaturalesUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  5. 5.Department of Biology and the BiotronUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  6. 6.Institute of Biophysics and Biomedical EngineeringBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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