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Sequestration Specificity of Single or Co-existing Benzene, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene, and Naphthalene in Soil

  • Yijia Li
  • YueHua Li
  • Hongxiong YangEmail author
  • Liang Chen
  • Yongtao Cao
Research Article

Abstract

The sequestration (aging) of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil can have a significant effect on the remediation of contaminated sites, but organic chemicals and how they co-exist can result in different sequestration abilities. In this study, sorption, methanol extraction, and sequestration of single and co-existing benzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, and naphthalene in soil were investigated to evaluate their sequestration ability in soil and the influence of co-existing organic chemicals. A higher linear adsorption coefficient based on the linear sorption equation (ke) was observed for naphthalene (11.5–25.0) compared with benzene (3.8–3.9) and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (2.8–5.6), followed by a lower linear methanol extraction coefficient based on the methanol extraction equation (km = 0.3) and a higher linear sequestration coefficient based on the linear sequestration equation (ks = 0.7). The co-existence of benzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, and naphthalene increased the sorption ability of 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (ke increased from 2.8 in the single system to 5.6 in the mixed system) and naphthalene (ke increased from 11.5 in the single system to 25.0 in the mixed system) due to their larger molecular size and higher molecular polarity; however, this was not observed for benzene (ke ranged from 3.8 to 3.9 in the single and mixed systems). In summary, the co-existence of benzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, and naphthalene does not affect methanol extraction and sequestration ability.

Keywords

Sequestration Aging Petroleum hydrocarbon Sorption Desorption 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Song Jin from the University of Wyoming, Dr. Paul H. Fallgren from Advanced Environmental Technologies, and Jadee Jin from Colorado State University for reviewing and revising the editing and linguistic quality of the text. The English writing in the revised manuscript was corrected by American Journal Experts.

Funding Information

This work was supported by the Science Fund for Creative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51621092), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41772245), the Major Project of National Science and Technology (No. 2017ZX07106001), and the State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety of Tianjin University (No. HESS-1410).

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Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementTianjin University of TechnologyTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and SafetyTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Civil EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of MathematicsIndiana University of PennsylvaniaIndianaUSA

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