Nitrifying Soil Bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea: Operational Improvement of Standard Culture Medium

  • Jorge PadrãoEmail author
  • Gonzalo Tortella
  • Susana Cortez
  • Nicolina Dias
  • Ana Nicolau
  • Manuel Mota
Short Communication


Nitrosomonas europaea is the most extensively studied ammonia-oxidizing bacterium (AOB), being a ubiquitous player in the conversion of ammonia in the soil environment. The precipitation of constituents of the standard culture medium, American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) #2265, further hinders both the study of N. europaea vital role in the nitrogen cycle and the development of biotechnological applications, as the presence of inorganic debris severely compromises scale-up procedures and downstream processing. The standard formulation was analyzed; the precipitate was identified as being struvite. Struvite is spontaneously formed when magnesium, phosphate, and ammonium are available in a high pH solution. This combination is common and transversal to a series of AOB media formulations. Therefore, a non-precipitating medium was developed. The modified medium does not require filter sterilization, which reduces 99% of its production cost. The kinetic performance of N. europaea was evaluated in the standard and modified medium. A precise and direct quantification of the bacterium cell growth profile was achieved using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and flow cytometry, which was correlated with other metabolic parameters. The performance of N. europaea was not impaired in the modified medium.


Nitrosomonas europaea Struvite Soil-nitrifying bacteria Inorganic precipitation 


Funding Information

This study was supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) under the scope of the strategic funding of UID/BIO/04469/2013 unit and COMPETE 2020 (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006684) and BioTecNorte operation (NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000004) funded by the European Regional Development Fund under the scope of Norte2020 - Programa Operacional Regional do Norte. Susana Cortez would like to acknowledge the research grant funded by FCT (SFRH / BPD / 73720 / 2010). Gonzalo Tortella would like to acknowledge the FONDECYT project 1161713.


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Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Padrão
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gonzalo Tortella
    • 2
    • 3
  • Susana Cortez
    • 1
  • Nicolina Dias
    • 1
  • Ana Nicolau
    • 1
  • Manuel Mota
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Biological EngineeringUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  3. 3.Centro de Excelencia en Investigación Biotecnológica Aplicada al Medio Ambiente, CIBAMA-BIORENUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile

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