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Chemical compositions and insecticidal efficacies of four aromatic essential oils on rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae L

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Abstract

Plant essential oils contained secondary metabolite chemicals showing toxicities on stored grain insects. The main aims of this study was to evaluate the insecticidal efficacies and chemical compositions of essential oil from C. flexuosus, C. winterianus, C. martini, and P. cablin against Sitophilus oryzae (L.). The GC-MS analysis results showed that, the essential oils of four aromatic plants are rich in citral, neral, geranyl acetate, geraniol, citronellal, geraniol, citronellol, photocitral B, azulene and α-guaiene respectively. The essential oils of C. flexuosus with LC50 values are 44.5 and 26.1 μl/L air after 24 and 48 h exposure which was found to be most potent fumigant than C. winterianus followed by C. martini and P. cablin respectively. Further, in contact toxicity, C. martini oil being the most effective against adults of S. oryzae with LC50 values of 2.6 and 1.8 μl/cm2 after 24 and 48 h exposure respectively, whereas moderate toxicity was observed in S. oryzae from the essential oils of C. winterianus and P. cablin. These results suggested that the essential oils extracted from C. flexuosus, C. winterianus, C. martini, and P. cablin can be used as in the management of S. oryzae in order to decrease the harmful effects and risk of synthetic insecticides on human beings.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Director, Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal, for encouragement and support. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), India.

Author information

MAD, TBD and SM performed laboratory experiments and preparation of essential oils, BN, KDS and SS analysis the GCMS and sample preparation, SS, MT and SDS maintain the insect culture and cultivating aromatic plants. DS review the manuscript and supported the study, YR designed the research and wrote the main manuscript text. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Correspondence to Yallappa Rajashekar.

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The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

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This study does not contain any studies with animals, as defined by the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, performed by any of the authors.

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Key messages

• Evaluated the insecticidal efficacy and chemical composition of essential oils from Cymbopogon flexuosus, Cymbopogon winterianus, Cymbopogon martini, and Pogostemon cablin

• The essential oils of C. flexuosus and C. martini exhibited potent fumigant and contact toxicities against Sitophilus oryzae

• The essential oils were found to be a potent bio-fumigant and contact toxicity to stored grain pests instead of synthetic fumigant and insecticides

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Devi, M.A., Nameirakpam, B., Devi, T.B. et al. Chemical compositions and insecticidal efficacies of four aromatic essential oils on rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae L. Int J Trop Insect Sci (2020) doi:10.1007/s42690-020-00102-1

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Keywords

  • Cymbopogon species
  • Pogostemon cablin
  • Essential oils
  • GC-MS
  • Insecticidal efficacy
  • Sitophilus oryzae