Reproduction and demography of an Aphidophagous ladybird, Hippodamia variegata on six aphid species

  • Ahmad PervezEmail author
  • Aline de Holanda Nunes Maia
  • Hakan Bozdoğan
Original Research Article


We tested six aphid species, viz. Aphis gossypii, Aphis craccivora, Brevicoryne brassicae, Lipaphis erysimi, Myzus persicae and Uroleucon compositae as essential foods needed for the reproduction and demography of an aphidophagous ladybird, Hippodamia variegata. Females were highly fecund (1210.8 ± 55.31 eggs) with prolonged oviposition period (56.30 ± 2.36 days) and laying most viable eggs (92.91 ± 0.81%) when fed on A. gossypii (reared on Lagenaria vulgaris) with the highest net reproductive rate (449.45 ± 20.53 females / female). Aphis craccivora (raised on Dolichos lablab) supported optimal value for intrinsic rate of increase (0.183 ± 0.003) with the shortest generation time (32.40 ± 0.557 days). Other diets didn’t show improved performance but quantified as essential foods. Brassica hosted B. brassicae and L. erysimi were less suitable but not the rejected prey. Age-specific fecundity of female H. variegata was triangular in function with peak oviposition during her early reproductive age when fed on either A. gossypii, A. craccivora, U. compositae or M. persicae, while peak skewed towards later reproductive age when fed on B. brassicae or L. erysimi. Fecundity was positively correlated with egg-viability and oviposition period. We used jackknife technique to estimate and compare the demographic parameters within the groups. High values of intrinsic and finite rates of increase on A. gossypii and A. craccivora affirm their suitability for augmentative rearing of H. variegata. We conclude that both A. gossypii and A. craccivora on above respective host-plants are highly suitable aphid-diets for mass-multiplication of H. variegata.


Hippodamia variegata Coccinellidae Aphis gossypii Demography Aphids Prey 



We thank Dr. Barbara Castleton, ESL Instructor, South Seattle College, Seattle, Washington, USA for improving the language of the manuscript. We also thank the two anonymous reviewers for critically going through the manuscript and providing fruitful suggestions. AP is thankful to Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for the financial assistance (EMR/2016/006296).

Compliance with ethical standards

The authors declare that they have prepared the manuscript by the compliance with ethical standards. All the authors read and approved the final manuscript. The manuscript has been prepared by the consent of all the authors.

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© African Association of Insect Scientists 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Pervez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aline de Holanda Nunes Maia
    • 2
  • Hakan Bozdoğan
    • 3
  1. 1.Biocontrol Laboratory, Department of ZoologyRadhey Hari Govt. P.G. CollegeNagarIndia
  2. 2.Embrapa Meio AmbienteJaguariúnaBrazil
  3. 3.Vocation School of Technical Sciences, Department of Plant and Animal ProductionKırşehir Ahi Evran UniversityKırşehirTurkey

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