Chemical control of Chilo partellus on maize crop in district Mansehra

  • Zahid Khan
  • Mian Sayed Khan
  • Qurat ul Ain
  • Abdur Raqib
  • Haroon
  • Lianxi XingEmail author
Original Research Article


Considering the economic importance of the maize crop and the losses caused by the maize stem borer. A research was conducted during the Kharif season 2015 to investigate an infestation of insect pest and evaluating certain granular insecticides as a chemical control method against maize stem borer on maize cultivar BS-1, at the Agricultural, Research Station, Baffa, Mansehra. In this trial, some granular insecticides like Fipronil 0.3G, Furadon 3G, Diazinon 5G, Disulfoton 5G, and Padan were evaluated for the control of maize stem borer and effect on crop production. The results were determined based on the number of the larvae per plant, several dead hearts, and damaged plants per plot. It can be inferred from the obtained data that Padan was the most efficient in reducing the number of larvae Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) (0.11), number of dead heart plants (0.11) and plant damage (0.55) followed Furadon 3G (0.17), (0.18), and (0.89), Diazinon 5G (0.21), (0.37) and (1.32), Fipronil 0.3G (0.24), (0.47) and (1.6), Disulfoton 5G (0.30), (0.66) and (1.95) in descending order as compared to check (0.60), (1.11) and (3.15) respectively. A granular form of insecticides should be preferred the liquid form. Moreover, the granules Padan and Furadon may give better results than the other granular insecticides available in the market.


Granular insecticides Chilo partellus Dead heart Damage plant Grain yield 



This study was funded and supported by the Director of Agriculture, Research station, Baffa, Mansehra, Pakistan. Similarly, equal respect and credits are going to Dr. Sana Ullah of Zoology Department, Hazara University, Mansehra. Who helped us in statistical analyses of the data. Mr. Waqar and Habib helped in data sampling at the field.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Adamu RS, Usman MS, Isah R (2015) Evaluation of four insecticides foliar sprays for the management of maize stem borer, Busseola fusca (F.) on maize irrigated using furrow and basin irrigation methods at Kadawa, Kano state Nigeria. FUTA J Res Sci 1:7–14Google Scholar
  2. Ajala SO, Nour AM, Ampong-Nyarko K, Odindo MO (2010) Evaluation of maize genotypes (Zea mays L.) as a component of integrated stem borer. Chilo partellus. Swin. Management in coastal region of Kenya. Afr J Agric Res 5(8):758–763. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali N, Singh G, Singh SP, Dhaka SS, Ram M, Tawar KB (2014) Efficacy of different management practices against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Kharif maize in Western Uttar Pradesh. Int J Adv Res 11:952–956Google Scholar
  4. Arif MJ, Arif MJ, Gogi MD, Hussain MJ, Arshad M, Suhail A, Zain-ul-Abdin WW, Nawaz A, Ahmad JN (2013) Evaluation of some IGRS alone and in combination with seed treatment against Chilo partellus Swinhoe. (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera) and Antherigona soccata Rodani (Muscidae: Diptera) on field maize. Pak Entomol 35(1):27–35Google Scholar
  5. Chouraddi M, Mallapur CP (2017) Assessment of crop loss and economic injury level of maize stem borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe). J Entomol Zool Stud 5(4):1530–1535Google Scholar
  6. Chouraddi M, Mallapur CP, Balikai RA (2016) Evaluation of biopesticides/bio-control agents against maize stem borers. Ann Entomol 34:15–21Google Scholar
  7. De Groote H (2002) Maize yield losses from stem borers in Kenya. Int J Trop Insect Sci 22(2):89–96. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Devine GJ, Michael J, Furlong MJ (2007) Insecticide use: Contexts and ecological consequences. Agric Human 24:281–306. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Doebley J, Stec A, Wendel J, Edwards M (1990) Genetic and morphological analysis of a maize-teosinte F2 population: implications for the origin of maize. Proc Natl Acad Sci 87(24):9888–9892. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. ERRA (2007) (Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority), District profile Mansehra, Islamabad. 1–68Google Scholar
  11. Etterson M, Garber K, Odenkirchen E (2017) Mechanistic modeling of insecticide risks to breeding birds in north American agroecosystems. PLoS One 12(5):e0176998. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Farmanullah SM, Badshah H, Zada H (2011) Comparative field effectiveness of different released levels of Trichogramma chiloni (ishii) (Trichogrammatidae: Hymenoptera) against sugarcane stem borer (Chilo infuscatellus snel.) in district Bhalwal. Pak Entomol 33:26–29Google Scholar
  13. Gavish-Regev E, Lubin Y, Coll M (2008) Migration patterns and functional groups of spiders in a desert agroecosystem. Ecol Entomol 33:202–212. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gouse M, Pray CE, Kirsten J, Schimmelpfennig DA (2005) GM subsistence crop in Africa: the case for Bt white maize in South Africa. Int J Biotechnol 7:84–94. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Heinrichs EA, Muniappan R (2018) Integrated pest management for tropical crops: soybeans. CAB Rev 13(055):1–44Google Scholar
  16. Ijaz-ul-Hassan S, Hameed A, Tariq M, Arshad M (2012) Pearl: a high yielding and full season, white maize variety. J Agric Res 50(3):330–334Google Scholar
  17. Kakar AS, Kakar KM, Khan MT, Shawani MI (2003) Efficacy of different granular insecticides against maize stem borer. Sarhad J Agric 19:235–238Google Scholar
  18. Karavina C, Mandumbu R, Mukaro R (2014) Evaluation of three-way maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids for yield and resistance to maize streak virus and turcicum leaf blight diseases. J Anim Plant Sci 24(1):216–220Google Scholar
  19. Khan SM, Amjad M (2000) Chemical control of maize stem borer (Chilo partellus Swin.). Pak J Biol Sci 3:2116–2118. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Khan IU, Nawaz M, Said F, Sohail K, Subhanullah (2015) Integrated pest management of maize stem borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in maize crop and its impact on yield. J Entomol Zool Stud 3(5): 470–472Google Scholar
  21. Khan Z, Ain QU, Raqib A, Khan MS, Xing L (2019b) Effect of Granular and Liquid Insecticides against Chilo partellus on Maize Crop in Mansehra. Pol J Environ Stud 29(1):1–11.
  22. Khan Z, Zhang M, Meng YF, Zhao J, Kong XH, Su XH, Xing L (2019a) Alates of the termite Reticulitermes flaviceps feed independently during their 5-months residency in the natal colony. Insect Soc 66(3):425–433. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kumar H (2002) Resistance in maize to larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncates (horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). J Stored Prod Res 38:267–280. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kumar A (2003) Studies on Seasonal Incidence Varietal Screening and Management of Maize Stem Borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Doctoral dissertation, MPUAT, Udaipur)Google Scholar
  25. Mallapur CP, Chouraddi M, Stenachroia EH (2015) A new threat to maize cultivation in Karnataka, India. J Exp Zool India 18:327–329Google Scholar
  26. Mashwani MA, Ullah F, Sattar S, Ahmad S, Khan MA (2011) Efficacy of different insecticides against maize stem borer, Chilo partellus Swinhoe (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae) at Peshawar and swat valleys of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Sarhad J Agric 27:459–465Google Scholar
  27. MINFAL (2008) Agriculture statistics of PakistanGoogle Scholar
  28. Mohamed HM, Khan ZR, Overholt WA, Elizabeth DK (2004) Behaviour and biology of Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on maize and wild gramineous plants. Int J Trop Insect Sci 24(4):287–297. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mulaa M, Bergvinsion MD, Irma S (2001) Researchers work to develop insect resistance management strategies: IRMA updates-insect resistant maize for Africa. KARI-CIMMYT 2:3Google Scholar
  30. Murthy KS, Rajeshwari R, Jalali SK, Venkatesan T (2013) Evaluation of pesticide tolerant strain of Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on maize stem borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe). Int J Biodivers Conserv 5:567–571. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mutyambai DM, Bruce TJ, Midega CA, Woodcock CM, Caulfield JC, Van Den Berg J, Pickett JA, Khan ZR (2015) Responses of parasitoids to volatiles induced by Chilo partellus oviposition on teosinte, a wild ancestor of maize. J Chem Ecol 41:323–329. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Neupane S, Bhandari G, Sharma SD, Yadav S, Subedi S (2016) Management of stem borer (Chilo partellus Swinhoe) in maize using conventional pesticides in Chitwan, Nepal. J Maize Res Dev 2(1):13–19. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nwanze KF, Nwilene FE (1998) Interaction of host plant resistance and biological control of stem borers in sorghum. Int J Trop Insect Sci 18:261–266. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Okweche SI, Ogunwolu EO, Adeyemo MO (2013) Parameters, interrelationships with yield and use of Carbofuran to control stem borers in maize (Zea mays L.) at Makurdi in the Nigerian southern Guinea savanna. Greener J Agric Sci 3(10):702–708. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Osman MAM, Mosleh YY, Mahmoud MF (2014) Toxicity and biochemical impacts of spinosad on the pink stem borer Sesamia cretica led. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Mun Ent Zool 9:429–439Google Scholar
  36. Pedda Ghouse Peera SK, Balasubramaniam P, Mahendran PP (2016) Effect of silicate solubilizing bacteria and fly ash on silicon uptake and yield of rice under lowland ecosystem. J. Appl & Nat Sci 8(1):55–59Google Scholar
  37. Raghuvanshi VS, Rana KS (2012) Effect of pesticides against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) damaging stem of maize. Int J Life Sci Pharm Res 1:101–103Google Scholar
  38. Rahim A, Masud SA (1992) Efficacy of synthetic pesticides on shoot fly Atherigona soccata (Rondani) and maize borer Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Sada Bahar and effect on yield. Sarhad J Agric 8:205–208Google Scholar
  39. Rahman RNZA, Razak CN, Ampon K, Basri M, Zin WM, Yunus W, Salleh AB (1994) Purification and characterization of heat-stable alkaline protease from Bacillus stearothermophilus F1. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 40:822–827. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Saleem Z, Iqbal J, Khattak SG, Khan M, Muhammad N, Iqbal Z, Khan FU, Fayyaz H (2014) Effect of different insecticides against maize stem borer infestation at Barani agricultural Research Station, Kohat, KPK, Pakistan during kharif 2012. Int J Life Sci Res 2:23–26Google Scholar
  41. Sayyid G, Khan Z, Xing L, Haroon AQU, Ihsan M, Saleem M (2018) Tomato pests at Hazara division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. J Entomol Zool Stud 6(6):437–441Google Scholar
  42. Schmidt HM, Thies C, Tscharntke T (2004) Landscape context of arthropod biological control. In: Gurr GM, Wratten SD, Altier MA (eds) Ecological engineering for pest management: advances in habitat manipulation for arthropods. CSIRO Press, Collingwood, pp 55–63Google Scholar
  43. Sidar YK, Deole S, Gajbhiye RK, Nirmal A (2017) To evaluate the bioefficacy of granular insecticide molecules against pink stem borer. J Entomol Zool Stud 5(2):1114–1120Google Scholar
  44. Siddiqui KH, Marwaha KK (1993) The vistas of maize entomology in India Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India, 135Google Scholar
  45. Singh BU, Rao KV, Sharma HC (2011) Comparison of selection indices to identify sorghum genotypes resistant to the spotted stem borer Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Int J Trop Insect Sci 31(2):38–51. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sohail A, Shahzad A, Naeem M, Ashraf MY (2003) Determination of efficacy of cypermethrin, regent, and carbofuran against Chilo partellus Swin. And biochemical changes following their application in maize plants. Int J Agric Biol 5:30–35. http://www.ijab.org1560-8530/2003/05-1-3-0-35
  47. Songa JM, Zhon G, Overhold WA (2001) Relationship of stem borer damage and plant physical condition to maize yield in a semi-arid zone of eastern Kenya. Int J Trop Insect Sci 21:243–249. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tagne A, Feujio T, Sonna C (1995) Essential oil and plant extracts as potential substitutes to synthetic fungicides in the control of fungi. International Conference Diversifying crop protection, La Grande-Motte, France, pp. 12-15Google Scholar
  49. Tilahun B, Azerefegne F (2013) Efficacy of the aqueous crude seed extract of Millettia ferruginea (Fabaceae) on the maize stemborer Busseol fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the field. Int J Trop Insect Sci 33:56–263. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Van den Berg J, Hilbeck A, Bohn T (2013) Pest resistance to Cry1Ab Bt maize: field resistance, contributing factors and lessons from South Africa. Crop Prot 54:154–160. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vassilakos TN, Athanassiou CG, Tsiropoulos NG (2015) Persistence and efficacy of spinetoram against three major stored grain beetles on wheat. Crop Prot 69:44–51. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zulfiqar AM, Sabri AM, Raza AM, Hamza A, Hayat A, Khan A (2010) Effect of temperature and relative humidity on the population dynamics of some insect pests of maize. Deptt of Entom, University of Agriculture. Faisalabad-Pakistan Pak J life Soc Sci 8(1):16–18Google Scholar

Copyright information

© African Association of Insect Scientists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahid Khan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mian Sayed Khan
    • 4
  • Qurat ul Ain
    • 2
    • 3
  • Abdur Raqib
    • 3
  • Haroon
    • 1
  • Lianxi Xing
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyHazara UniversityMansehraPakistan
  3. 3.Agriculture Research StationMansehraPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyUniversity of SwabiAnbar campusPakistan

Personalised recommendations