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Chemical control of Chilo partellus on maize crop in district Mansehra

  • Zahid Khan
  • Mian Sayed Khan
  • Qurat ul Ain
  • Abdur Raqib
  • Haroon
  • Lianxi XingEmail author
Original Research Article
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Considering the economic importance of the maize crop and the losses caused by the maize stem borer. A research was conducted during the Kharif season 2015 to investigate an infestation of insect pest and evaluating certain granular insecticides as a chemical control method against maize stem borer on maize cultivar BS-1, at the Agricultural, Research Station, Baffa, Mansehra. In this trial, some granular insecticides like Fipronil 0.3G, Furadon 3G, Diazinon 5G, Disulfoton 5G, and Padan were evaluated for the control of maize stem borer and effect on crop production. The results were determined based on the number of the larvae per plant, several dead hearts, and damaged plants per plot. It can be inferred from the obtained data that Padan was the most efficient in reducing the number of larvae Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) (0.11), number of dead heart plants (0.11) and plant damage (0.55) followed Furadon 3G (0.17), (0.18), and (0.89), Diazinon 5G (0.21), (0.37) and (1.32), Fipronil 0.3G (0.24), (0.47) and (1.6), Disulfoton 5G (0.30), (0.66) and (1.95) in descending order as compared to check (0.60), (1.11) and (3.15) respectively. A granular form of insecticides should be preferred the liquid form. Moreover, the granules Padan and Furadon may give better results than the other granular insecticides available in the market.

Keywords

Granular insecticides Chilo partellus Dead heart Damage plant Grain yield 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded and supported by the Director of Agriculture, Research station, Baffa, Mansehra, Pakistan. Similarly, equal respect and credits are going to Dr. Sana Ullah of Zoology Department, Hazara University, Mansehra. Who helped us in statistical analyses of the data. Mr. Waqar and Habib helped in data sampling at the field.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© African Association of Insect Scientists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahid Khan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mian Sayed Khan
    • 4
  • Qurat ul Ain
    • 2
    • 3
  • Abdur Raqib
    • 3
  • Haroon
    • 1
  • Lianxi Xing
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyHazara UniversityMansehraPakistan
  3. 3.Agriculture Research StationMansehraPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyUniversity of SwabiAnbar campusPakistan

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