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International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 235–241 | Cite as

Biology and seasonal incidence of the jack shoot and fruit borer, Diaphania caesalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

  • Soumya Kallekkattil
  • Aswatha Krishnamoorthy
  • Melally G. VenkateshaEmail author
Original Research Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

The biology and seasonal incidence of the shoot and fruit borer of jackfruit tree, Diaphania caesalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) has been studied. The male and female moths completed their life cycle in 30.4 ± 2.3 and 31.8 ± 2.3 days respectively with five larval instars. The mean incubation period of the egg, developmental duration of larva, prepupa and pupa were 4.9 ± 0.6, 17 ± 0.6, 3.6 ± 0.4, 8 ± 0.4 days respectively. The first and last instar larva measured 2.6 ± 0.3 and 22.4 ± 0.4 mm in length respectively. Unfed moths lived significantly shorter duration (6–9 days) than those with access to water (9–12 days), honey (12–14 days), and honey with vitamin supplement (14–17 days). The incidence of D. caesalis was recorded throughout the year during 2013–2016 indicated an overlapping of generations. However, two distinct peaks in the population level were recorded during June–July and October–November. Subsequently, the pest population declined at the beginning of the winter and was at a very low level in summer. Further, analysis of the data with population density and weather parameters revealed that relative humidity, minimum temperature and rainfall were positively correlated, whereas evaporation was negatively correlated with the incidence of D. caesalis.

Keywords

Artocarpus heterophyllus Diaphania caesalis Biology Seasonal incidence 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author is thankful to the Director, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, for providing necessary facilities.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© African Association of Insect Scientists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Insect Science Laboratory, Department of ZoologyBangalore UniversityBangaloreIndia

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