Violence reduction or relocation?

Effects of United Nations troops presence on local levels of violence
  • Laura PeitzEmail author
  • Gregor Reisch


The article contributes to the research on local effects of United Nations peacekeeping operations (UNPKOs) on conflict dynamics. Focusing on spatial effects we distinguish between effects of peacekeeping presence on conflict intensity in a given area (violence reduction) and effects on the levels of violence in surrounding locations (violence relocation). We expect that the effects of peacekeeping presence differ with force projection capabilities of troop deployments. Our analyses are based on data covering the two most recent UNPKOs and violent events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2000 to 2014, allowing for a geographically and temporally disaggregated approach. The results show that PKOs reduce the local level of violence where they are stationed, particularly when better equipped. However, we find that PKO presence can also lead to shifts in the areas affected by conflict.


UN peacekeeping Conflict dynamics Spatio-temporal disaggregation Spatial modeling 



We would like to thank the German Research Foundation for its financial support, our colleagues Lisa Pech and Paul Zeidler for their valuable support in geo-coding the data, and our reviewers and editors for their helpful comments and suggestions.

Supplementary material

42597_2019_9_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (244 kb)
Online Appendix


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Copyright information

© Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung e.V. (AFK) und die Autoren 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Berlin Graduate School for Global and Transregional StudiesHertie School of GovernanceBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Collaborative Research Center (SFB) 700Freie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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